Mahatma Gandhi saw Indians being prosecuted based on their race and racial background. Martin Luther King Jr. saw certain people in southern parts of America being prosecuted for the color of their skin. Both men knew that the only way to stop their prosecutors is by standing up to them. Gandhi believed that the only way to stop the prosecutions was to step up to the government through civil disobedience. Mahatma Gandhi used civil disobedience because he knew that it was the only way that the Indian communities would be able to fight the laws of the Great Britain government.
Nonviolence Civil Disobedience Why is civil disobedience justifiable? According to an article by Richard Mott, “Civil disobedience is the deliberate disobeying of a law to advance a moral principle or change government policy.” People have used civil disobedience in the United States for a long time. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. used it as the leader of the Civil-Rights Movement during the 1950s to promote equal rights for “colored-people”. Mohandas Gandhi launched a campaign for independence in India with civil disobedience, and now students used it to protest budget cuts and tuition increases at the University of California. Nonviolence, civil disobedience, is justifiable because it obligates individuals to promote justice, equality, and solutions by them refusing to obey laws or/and policies that are unjust.
Martin Luther King’s main principle was non-violence; he refused to use aggression as a force to get what he wanted. He developed this technique after following the works of Ghandi, who had successfully used the same tactic in India. This tactic encouraged sympathy for the Black people from the rest of the world, as it promoted the inequalities that were around at the time, which shocked countries as America was supposed to be one of the more developed countries in the world, and its reputation as a free nation was severely damaged by the allegations that it was a racist country, and in the cold war Russians actually used this against them during the Americans campaign to liberate Russia from communism. King was very important during the Montgomery bus boycott as he organised it. It took a very charismatic and influential figure to organise this and keep it going for a whole year, as it was very inconvenient for black people at the time.
King always paid tribute to Gandhi as one of the most important sources of his own values, while Gandhi used Thoreau’s thoughts in developing “Satyagraha” which is a term that Gandhi used to describe his policy of nonviolent resistance. Gandhi states, “Shower what suffering you like upon us, we will calmly endure all and not hurt a hair on your body” “We will gladly die and will not so much a touch you.” (“On Civil Disobedience”) Gandhi was very inspired and it taught him not to give up
The United States fought of the oppression over the colonies in the late 1700’s by first peacefully protesting the unjust taxes waged against them. Slowing building into a common belief that the people in the colonies had the same rights as those of Britain, and asking for the same rights. After the government chose to ignore their rights, and tax more or in and out of the colonies did the American raise arms to separate from the tyrant rule of Britain. We still find certain laws unjust and willingly break them to bring forth the point of wrongdoing, and that issues need to be addressed in today’s society for the betterment of our children. We have people that chose to not wear their seatbelt in their vehicle.
Tutelage from Bayard Rustin, a prominent civil rights campaigner, helped King to commit to a principle of non-violent action heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's success in opposing the British in India. May 1954, Thurgood Marshall the Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. Unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large-scale desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
The British Indian Empire was declared as a belligerent against the Axis powers by the United Kingdom without consulting prominent Indian leaders. Several leaders of the Indian independence movement, including Mahatma Gandhi, expressed strong opposition against Nazism and Fascism but termed Britain's "war to save democracy" as hypocrisy since it was denying democratic rights and individual liberties to Indians. The British, under Churchill, were critical of the Indians, with Churchill at moments describing them as “vile creatures”. Churchill did not want to offer them anything. In 1942, Sir Stafford Cripps on his first mission to India made on behalf of the British Government his offer of independence after the war in exchange for cooperation, but the Indian political parties rejected his proposals.
Ghandi expressed love by not reacting violently to harsh oppressive ways of the British. His religion did not condone in violence and also he knew that Indians were no match for the British militarily so he tried to get Indians to adopt his ways of Satyaghara, or "truth force". Ghandi led his people in protests, mass demonstrations, and marches. He also led Indian men and women in the "Salt March". Salt was a necessity of life and the British knew this, so they placed high taxes on salt to bring them revenue.
The Constitution, until recently, did not apply to blacks; blacks feel they deserve payments from 310 years of slavery, destruction to their minds and culture. Dr. Martin Luther King's dilemma in the United States was of a different kind. He was torn between his identity as a Black man of African descent and his identity as an American. He urged Americans to judge based on the content of the character not by skin color and also believed in non-violent protests. Martin Luther King Jr’s main perspective during the fight on racism was equality.
Many of which are to far away places so he can preach his beliefs. the last stage of sannyasin is when gandhi comes back to india and tries to liberate it. He stays detached from almost everyone and is able to preach the people of india and get them to work together. he perfectly fills the definition of this stage of life. The exact definition is “one who neither hates nor desires” gandhi does not hate anyone and this is proven through his love for the british people who still beat and persecute indians.