The newly formed German democratic government saw the Versailles Treaty as a dictated peace (Diktat). Not all Germans wanted to sign the surrender the war and accept terms of the treaty. France, which had suffered more damage wise than the other countries in the big four, had insisted upon harsh terms, the peace treaty did not ultimately help to settle the international disputes which had formed to start World War 1. On the contrary, the treaty created inter-European cooperation and started the recovery of problems that caused the war in the first place. Germany felt that the treaty should not be harsh and that it should be created with intentions of future cooperation and efficient, fair recuperation.
They thought that colonists were British subjects who should obey British law and the taxes were due to the French and Indian War which was fought to protect the colonies. They also felt colonies profited from trade with England, and that the colonies were too far away from England to have representation in Parliament. Patriots believed that they deserved rights that were not to be taken away by the government, and taxation violated those rights. They claimed to have done their part during the French and Indian war fighting, and that they could not be taxed without representation in Parliament. Patriots also believed the British were causing violence, riots, and death (Boston Massacre & Boston Tea Party).
Collective security had a better response towards aggression rather than appeasement. This is because a lot more European countries didn’t approve of the decision made during the Munich Conference. Winston Churchill was one person who strong didn’t approve with this decision. He was a British politician who thought, “keeping peace depends on holding back the aggressor” (Document 6). Churchill believed that in order to guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia, Europe should have held Germany back and Britain and France should have worked together as an alliance.
The German people resented the fact that they alone were blamed for the war. The job of creating a peace agreement seemed relatively simple, but it soon became clear that there were conflicting ideas and motives from each country. The United States wanted fair rules and
The colonies received the bad end of the deal and were only being used for profit. Paine also suggested there be a distinction between society and government, making an even balance between the two so one does not overpower the other. Paine was against the ideal of a monarchy. He believed that all men are equal at creation and therefore the power difference between kings and their subjects should not exist. He believes the powers of the king should be sufficiently limited to prevent tyranny.
This allowed the far right to exploit the Germans hate of the treaty of Versailles and connect the treaty to democracy, so the people wouldn’t blame the loss of ww1 on the army but the democratic politician’s. This led to an increase in public support for a more authoritarian dictatorial system the strengthening the far-right. The other main reason the loss
Georges Clemenceau wanted revenge. He wanted to be sure that Germany could never start another war again. Lloyd George personally agreed with Wilson but knew that the British public agreed with Clemenceau. He tried to find a compromise between Wilson and Clemenceau. Germany had been expecting a treaty based on Wilson's 14 points and were not happy with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
These aims were, Disarmament, Improving living and working conditions, Enforcing the Treaty of Versailles and Stopping future wars. The League of Nations was formed in 1919, though America did not join. Although, the covenants set down by Wilson were adopted by the Allies and other European countries. However, many historians argue that the League, for all its goodwill, was not entirely successful at achieving its aims due to many different factors in the 1920s. Aims of the League of Nation: One of the aims of the League of Nations was Disarmament.
Wilson’s rock solid position on the League of Nations was one of the most significant reasons why the treaty was never passed. Had he been more lenient and willing to change some aspects to the treaty, it might have had a fighting chance, as it only needed 7 more votes to get it signed. Not only did both liberals and conservatives oppose the treaty, but minority groups and other countries felt strong opposition to the treaty as well. The
(Marvin Perry). His authoritarian manners led the liberals against him. Although liberals protested, Bismarck had the army on his side, so they basically had no power and their protest failed. However, Bismarck did not want long lasting enemies. Therefore, he tried to regain the support of liberals through his extraordinary success in foreign affairs.