Wilson and 14 Points ratification

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After World War I, President Woodrow Wilson provided the global community with the only written statement of goals. His Fourteen Points addressed democracy, trade, nations’ borders, and a league of nations. His plan sparked much debate and revision in the world, but it was especially controversially debated in the United States. The lack of congressional support for ratification of the Treaty of Versailles stemmed mostly from the refusal to amend the 14 points, and the opposition to joining an international congregation dedicated to post-war plans. Opposition to the fourteen points was not solely limited to the United States. Countries in Europe that had suffered much damage from the war wanted the liberal policy of the fourteen points to exclude Germany. Wilson promoted democracy and equality for all, but many people would have rather blamed the war and pushed reparations on Germany. Two reasons for opposition to the fourteen points were the vague nature, and also the specific nature of the speech. Firstly, six of his points were vague suggestions for ideals such as self-determination. They did not cover in-depth, what Wilson wanted. It left room for misinterpretation, and a too general sense of morally correct fundamental points. Wilson promoted righteousness instead of specifically picking on one country, much to the distaste of those who felt that the Central powers needed to take blame. Wilson wanted borders to be returned to the least conflicting areas, and colonial subjects given a say in their government, and open and free trade for all. These ideas were indeed ideal for an ideal society, but coming straight out of a massively destructive global war, many people were not open to the idea of sovereignty for all. In a sense, Wilson’s ideas were too radical for the crowd. Conflicting opinions in the senate and in the public hindered
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