Finally, I will talk about social construction and gender as a social construction, in what ways is gender socially constructed? The understanding and difference between gender and sex challenge common-sense assumptions about what it means to be a man or woman. A sociological understanding of gender refers to the socially constructed and cultural ideas that create images and expectations of males and females (The Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology, 2000). Sex on the other hand is the biological dimensions and sexual indentity such as genitals, reproductive functions etc. Although sex can also be seen as a socially constructed set of ideas shaped by culture (Van Krieken, Habibis, Smith, Hutchins, Marton, and Maton, 2010).
Also could be develops from the clothing and hairstyle, cultural influences. Sex is refers to the physical characteristic, and it refers also to the intimate relationship, or sexual activity. I believe that Gender and sex are different things, because the gender is refers to the sense, and sex is refers to the physical characteristics. 2 Gender and Sex Worksheet How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity? Sex refers to the physical characteristics, as I mentioned, the biological, that characteristic that make us male or female, this could be the genitals and body shape.
To shorten, male and female are the terms of sex, moreover, masculinity and femininity are the terms of gender. According to Deborah Lupton, the author of “The Emotional Self”, gender plays an ultimate role from the aspect of emotional self. To point out the conceptions of the emotional self, Lupton states that: “In western societies since antiquity, concepts of the emotional self have routinely be gendered. One of the pivotal concerns around which gendered notions of emotions are structured is that of the importance of mastery and self control.” (P:105). In order to deepen the conceptions of emotional self, we can categorize these conceptions into two main parts: “emotional women” and “unemotional men”.
The concept of being gendered is cemented into today’s society. Everyone is expected to be either a masculine or feminine and the majority of people have certain expectations when it comes to being a man or a woman. Gender is something that individuals accomplish through different means, such as clothing and hobbies. There are also social constraints that are a consequence of being gendered. Gender is defined as the state of being male or female.
122 As a process, gender creates the social differences that define “woman” and “man.” In social interaction throughout their lives, individuals learn what is expected, see what is expected, act and react in expected ways, and thus simultaneously construct and maintain the gender order pg. 123 As part of a stratification system, gender ranks men above women of the same race and class pg. 123 The dominant categories are the hegemonic ideals, taken so for granted as the way things should be that white is not ordinarily thought of as race, middle class or men as a gender. The characteristics of these categories define the Other as that which lacks the valuable qualities the dominants exhibit. Pg.
In Western culture, gender is a binary classification based on two strictly defined gender categories of male and female. From the time of birth, we become acquainted with gender expectations and standards through many social influences. These influences have a powerful effect as they shape our understanding of gender and how we identify ourselves as being a man or woman. In the film Codes of Gender, Sut Jhally analyzes gender display in advertisements and how masculine and feminine powers are portrayed differently through body and hand configurations. Women are shown as smaller or weaker than men, and suggest a ritualization of subordination through their canting, bashful knee positions.
From that point onwards, they can start becoming boys and girls. Each major sociological framework has its own views and theories regarding gender. Let’s look at some. Functionalist theorists believe that men fill instrumental roles in society while women fill expressive roles, which works to the benefit of society. Murdock, a functionalist, argued that sexual division of labour derived from the hunger-gathering period of history.