A Cross Cultural Examination of Sexuality: Modern vs Underdeveloped Societies

1245 Words5 Pages
A Cross Cultural Examination of Sexuality: Modern vs Underdeveloped Societies Psychologists have highlighted a number of divisions regarding sexuality across a variety of cultures. The word ‘sex’ has different meanings. Sex refers to the biological and physiological differences between men and women, the most obvious being differences in their reproductive systems. Every culture controls the sexuality of its members to a certain extent, by embedding it in the institutions of family, religion and law. According to Potts & Short (1999) the core social arrangement within the institution of the family is the marital relationship. The right to engage in sexual activity is a defining characteristic of marriage in all cultures; at the same time, marriage limits sexuality, separating the couple from all other sexually active adults in the society. The aim of this investigation is to compare and contrast western culture with developing countries. Within this investigation, an analysis of cultural restrictions and oppressive regulation influence sexuality of the population. I also aim to touch on the subgroups of love and marriage in a variation of cultural constructs. Literature suggests, that yes, cultural influences do quite firmly restrict sexual behaviour, however not in all cultures. Western Cultures when compared to developing countries .i.e. Iran possess sexual freedom in regards to not only sexual behaviour, but in reference to love and marriage also. Whereas, second and third world countries, are bound to their cultural ‘rules’ when choosing a mate to having the freedom to act promiscuously. Modern-day analyses of sexuality emphasizes that sex is not merely a biological occurrence, it is also a cultural construct (DeLamater and Hyde 1998). Who engages in sexual behaviour with whom and under what circumstances reflect cultural norms and values; even the
Open Document