Functionalism Vs Transcendentalism Essay

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)ﻌReviving Religion) ﻌThomas Paine promoted the doctrines of Deism. Deists relied on science rather than the Bible and they denied the divinity of Christ. They did believe in a Supreme Being who had created a universe and endowed human beings with a capacity for moral behavior. ﻌUnitarianism spun off of Deism. Unitarians believed that God existed in only one person. It appealed to mostly intellectuals. The (Second Great Awakening) came in 1800. ﻌ Women were a large part of it. ﻌPeter Cartwright- a revivalist, traveling preacher who converted thousands to Christianity. ﻌCharles Grandison Finney- one of the greatest revivalist preachers. (Denominational Diversity) ﻌMany preachers preached in Western New York where the Puritans settled.…show more content…
Following the War of Independence and the War of 1812, American literature received a boost from the wave of nationalism. ﻌWashington Irving- the first American to win international recognition as a literary figure. ﻌJames Fenimore Cooper- the first American novelist to gain world fame. (Trumpeters of Transcendentalism ) ﻌThe transcendentalist movement of the 1830s resulted from a liberalizing of the Puritan theology. It also owed to foreign influences. The transcendentalists rejected the theory that all knowledge comes to the mind through the senses. Truth, rather, transcends the senses and can't be found just by observation. Associated traits included self-reliance, self-culture, and self-discipline. ﻌRalph Waldo Emerson- transcendentalist poet and philosopher; urged American writers to forget European traditions and write about American interests. ﻌHenry David Thoreau- transcendentalist who believed that one should reduce his bodily wants so as to gain time for a pursuit of truth through study and meditation. (Glowing Literary Lights) ﻌNot all poets and writers of the time were…show more content…
("Cotton “) The South controlled Britain because 75% of Britain's cotton came from the South. (The Planter "Aristocracy") The antebellum South was more of an oligarchy-a government ran by a few. The government was heavily affected by the planter aristocracy. The dominance of aristocracy in the South widened the gap between the rich and poor because the aristocrats made all the decisions in their favor in government. The Southern plantation wife commanded the female slaves. (Slaves of the Slave System) The economic structure in the South became increasingly monopolistic. The plantation system was very financially unstable. The temptation to over-speculate (no profit w/material held) in land and slaves caused many planters to plunge into debt. (Slave

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