Football Codes- Rugby, American Football, Gaelic Football Essay

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Rugby History Rugby was the starting point to the development of the other football codes. Using the rules as they are today, it was first played in 1823, in a school in Rugby, UK. Before that day, the game was played without running with the ball, but this rule was broken by W. Webb Ellis, who, during a rugby match, took the ball and ran across the field. Thus rugby was born. The first written rules came out in 1870 and were a product of the boys from the Rugby School. Fifteen years later, the sport was divided into two subgenres, with slightly different rules. Rugby League was the newer version of the game, played with thirteen professional players, whereas Rugby Union, played with fifteen players, was the original, common version of the game, considered, until 1995, the amateur version. Culture Although the difference in the rules was minor, League and Union Rugby were seen as two different worlds. Union rugby, preferred greatly by Private and Grammar Schools across the UK, was seen as a sport for the upper and middle classes, in Ireland an illustration of the Dublin 4 stereotype, and the image of a rich, stuck up and arrogant rugby jock was an inspiration to Ross O’Carroll Kelly’s best-selling novels. League rugby on the other hand was more for middle and working class citizens, mainly played by small village teams consisting of industrial workers. The game The point of the game, as with most of the other football codes, it to bring the ball, in this case an egg shaped ball, across the opponent’s try line to score points. Five points are awarded every time the ball crosses the try line. The only way the ball can advance up the field is by one of the players running with it because forwards passes are not allowed. The differences in the rules between League and Union are mainly about what happens after tackles. In League rugby, like

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