The high medieval period in Europe was dominated by a succession of royal governors, an elite class who controlled the political landscape. Their rule was facilitated by a number of factors; first, by the force of their armies they maintained control of their respective territories, quelling any challenge or rebellion. Second, they performed the function of delivering justice and were thus a valuable source of law and order for their populace. Third, the support of the church, which influenced much of the population, inspired the belief that kings were a representative of god and had a god given right to rule. Fourth, their use of the feudal system, as well as the administration which accompanied it enabled them to keep their kingdoms and subjects in check.
Lords and Daimyo (basically the same status) built castles for protection, and both the Knights and Samurai were depended on for military service by great landowners. Feudalism in Europe lasted from 800 to 1400, while in Japan it started in 1192 and lasted till 1868. . The codes of honor for both Knights and Samurai are different in that breaking these codes have severely different outcomes, though ethically, both codes of honor are very similar. Both the Samurai and the Knights have a duty to remain loyal to their leaders and keep peace within their respective nations. A Knight’s loyalty to his leader was generally based on a legal contract rather than moral obligation, like a Samurai has.
The failure of foreign policy in the years 1514-1525 can be attributed to many things. The combination of Henry's isolation from European affairs and the fact that his attempts to raise tax were ultimately unpopular failures, meant that he had no way to impose himself upon Europe. Even when he did manage to scrape together the finances needed for a strong foreign policy his reliance on his allies led to disaster. As soon as Henry took the throne in 1509, it was obvious that he was a king that wanted to fight a war. However, wars generally led to very expensive costs to the country.
They were both part of the Feudal System (Doc A). They both swore to their lords that they would protect them. Both the Knights and Samurais were very loyal to their lords, but the Samurais were more honorable and respectful to the lords, because they dedicated their life and also their families (Doc B). Overall they both were very similar in the way they served their lords. The major difference was that for Knights the
The magistrates made laws and decided the most important decisions affecting the state. When Emperor Augustus died, popular elections were outdated. It was expected instead that the imperial household would produce the successor to Roman power. The power had moved from the hands of the people, to imperial rulers, their households, and their heirs. This dramatic change was the culmination of civil strife and open warfare that created the conditions for powerful men to dominate the state, and to exclude the will and
Explain why Alexander II introduced further reforms after the emancipation edict of 1861 Emancipation opened many opportunities for further reforms and forced a change in the structure of the Russian society. Serfdom was abolished and the nobility could no longer control them which led to light being shed on other problems in society such as the law, industry and also the military. The most important reason for the introduction of further reforms is that they were a reasonable response to the emancipation of the serfs, but only in short term. The emancipation act gave the serfs power to control their own lives instead of being dictated by people of a higher status, such as the nobility. For this, rural councils known as the Zemstvas were set up in 1864 which offered the serfs a representative government; but they were mostly dominated by the nobility and professionals and many of them resented their loss of power over the serfs.
Wolsey changed areas of government such as the justice system and revised areas such as finances and parliament structure. His relationship with the King was significant, as he would be the higher power and would need to negotiate with the King and yet still get the correct decision. Wolsey managed his relationship with henry well, he tried to get the right outcome for the country but never forced it upon Henry, not damaging their relationship and keeping Wolsey in power. Wolsey had a poor approach with justice; in court he gained a poor reputation for taking bribes and his relationship with England’s nobility was poor to say the least. The financial approach was a tough period in finance; with a King that wanted to spend and go to war, and Wolsey had no choice but to bow to his majesty’s request.
Though the Middle Ages may have seemed like a time of power and triumph, it was also a time of chaos and instability. Many events of the time period left Europe in disarray. Some of these events included the peasant revolts, the Hundred Years' War, the Black Death, the shift from monarchy to democratic governments, and the decline of the church. Though these events caused imbalance amongst the world, it did leave much room for improvement and lead to the emergence of a more modern economy, politics, and society. The economic instability of the fourteenth century was brought on by two factors.
The Roman Empire was the western half and the Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Half. After Constantine’s death, the empire would be divided. The east would survive and the west would fall. The West would fall because the Germanic Tribe invaded
Buckingham had too much influence with the King; this meant he was seen as one of the main causes to the break down in parliament. James wanted money from the Parliament in 1625 because of the war with Spain. Parliament decided to grant a tonnage and poundage as the monarch’s main source of Revenue. Opposition MPs discussed Parliament choosing the Kings ministers for him and also the impeachment of those who gained undue influence over him; this was especially aimed at Buckingham. A breakdown in parliament then occurred because Charles realized the parliamentary attack on Buckingham was increasing so in 1625 dissolved his first Parliament in order to protect his close companion.