Eleven people were killed and the radicals were given a huge propaganda boost by referring to the event as ‘Peterloo’, in a grim analogy with the Duke of Wellington's famous victory over Napoleon at Waterloo four years earlier. This shows that the government did think Britain was on the verge of a revolution if they had to have authorities to disperse the crowd by force. This also shows the unrest Britain had as a whole, to the way Britain was governed. In response to the Duke of Wellington’s return to government, reform leaders made plans to bring the country to a halt by having their supporters withdraw funds from the banks, using the slogan: ‘To stop the Duke, go for Gold’. The crisis was averted.
This led to further economic collapse that hit its climax 1777. So in order for the government to dig its way out of this huge hole was for it to create new taxes, Calonne attempted to do this by side stepping the parliament which only resulted in a Nobles revolt and a call for an estates general. Brienne became the new minister to replace Calonne, however although his many attempts to try to fix the national debt and end the crisis he was sabotaged by Louis XVI and disgraced. Once again France was at this fragile point in its economy and with the high national debt and the high taxes that the 3rd estate, and second estate were paying it made it the perfect environment for a
The war also doubled Britain’s debt which led to the passing of the Sugar Act, which taxed sugar going into the colonies. The colonists believed they needed representation in order to be taxed and therefore didn’t want to pay any new taxes which led to reduced trade and protests as the colonial economy suffered. As a result the British passed the Quartering Act, sending more troops in, as well as the Currency Act and the Stamp Act, which gave Britain control over the colonial economy and established more taxes. The Committee of Correspondence was established as a result of the Currency Act to coordinate action against Britain. As a result of the Stamp Act the sons and daughters of liberty were formed; they led resistance efforts to end the Stamp Act.
The British throne, trying to pay off it's war debts and for the cost of protecting the colonists from local Native Americans, decided to impose taxes on the American colonists. There was the Revenue Act of 1764 (known to the US as the Sugar Act) that taxed sugar, silks, and wine, the Stamp Tax (imposed later because the Revenue Act did not bring in enough money) which taxed local papers and print services. The
During this time, Russian cities were dying because all the workers and peasants were focused on rebelling against the government and seizing the land of their landlords, instead of working in the factories and living the life of a peasant or urban worker. The Russian Revolution of 1905 only decreased the strength of the empire further but a positive outcome for the people of Russia was instituted. Sergei Witte suggested an elected legislative assembly and after the Revolution of 1905, The Duma, a parliamentary institution, was established. Although the Revolution was officially over, violence and tension continued,
Witch Hunting 10.May.2014 Psychoanalysis and Art/Society Witchcraft in Central Europe Between the years of 1470-1750, a panic emerged form European societies regarding the alleged witches amongst their midst. Consequentially, large scale witch hunts, especially in Central Europe gained prominence and resulted in the trial, torture and execution of tens of thousands of victims. While there were, unarguably, male victims accused of witch craft, the vast majority of victims where female. Since then, scholars have linked these horrific events with the gender correlated persecution of women. Ties between femininity and witches have also been viewed from psychoanalytic perspectives to provide commentary on the attitudes toward women that
The Black Death Sean Kelly HIS 103 Mr. Durr The Black Death and English Society The Black Death resulted not only in the widespread panic and death that we usually associate with it, but it also created tremendous changes in English society. This was especially noticeable among the peasantry not just because it caused widespread starvation and a massive disruption in agriculture, but also because it changed the entire medieval economy resulting in higher wages despite government edicts and regulations meant to prevent such. The Black Death is a phrase, and name, that brings to mind pain, panic, human suffering, and death. It raced across Europe killing thousands if not millions. It crossed all age and affluence boundaries it
The British authority responded by passing the coercive Act which closed the ports until the debt for the tea was paid off. Prior to the seven years’ war, the colonist enjoyed great autonomy. The mother country rarely interfered with the colonist affair but however, after the war, the autonomy the colonists once enjoyed was significantly reduced. Britain put limitations to the colonies by adding the inauspicious Acts. The Acts fueled anger toward the Mother Country making their relationship precarious.
Trevor Mr. H HIS 155 10 October 2014 Effects of The Black Death-Analysis Paper The Black Death was a pandemic disaster that affected all aspects of life in the Middle Ages of Europe. Depopulation and shortage of labor hastened changes already inherent in the rural economy; the substitution of wages for labor services was accelerated, and social stratification became less rigid. Psychological morbidity affected the arts; in religion, the lack of educated personnel among the clergy gravely reduced the intellectual vigor of the church. After a brief respite, the plague resumed and touched almost the entire known world. The plague caused significant changes in the civilization of Europe and other surrounding communities.
The English Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764, which taxed imported sugar, lumber, dye, coffee and wine, making merchants raise their prices on these goods. The colonists understood this process and knew that it helped in regulating commerce. What they didn’t appreciate was the March, 1965 Stamp Act, an Act that made colonists pay for any stamp on a printed document, and in the beginning, almost anything made of paper, even playing cards. The colonists were not pleased with this Act and viewed it as a way to raise money for Britain. The Sons of Liberty, a group formed to protect the rights of colonists, led protests and rallied against the new Act, sometimes with violence and destruction.