By doing this, Nanny hopes to prevent men from exercising their advantage that she thinks they possess in society. This exchange of women is a system that Rubin describes in which "women do not have full rights to themselves." Nanny sees this exchange as a cultural necessity to ensure Janie's safety and well-being. However, what she doesn't realize is that by doing this, she is perpetuating the patriarchal system that Janie must later tackle in all three of her marital relationships. The battles and decisions that Janie must face are representative of the battles that women encounter in their pursuit of a society free from gender hierarchy.
It appears as if “normative standard of a good wife and wise mother” provides a social behavioural framework for the majority of the women in both novels, as it widely accepted that they should be “well suited to the duties of marriage and domestic life” . Clara’s marrying out of convenience demonstrates her predetermined role in society without regard to her personality and feelings, while family traditions overshadow Tomo, who is obliged to look after her children and husband until her death. In The Waiting Years and The House of the Spirits, Tomo and Clara respectively, are not willing to accept social convention, even though Tomo has to obey what her husband says. Nevertheless, they are not entirely without society’s moral standards, as they try to live in harmony with their environment. In The Waiting Years, the relationships between Tomo and Yukitomo is less like the husband and wife type, but rather more like the sister and brother type.
In this novel, Julia Alvarez manages to capture and express the true feelings of women which deconstructs the stereotypes through Yo. Feminism is defined as “a political movement that works to achieve equal rights for women and men” (Hirsch 113). For the past ages, women were seen in the society as inferior to men and were greatly excluded from education and the right to property ownership. A British feminist named Mary Wollstonecraft argues, “educational restrictions keep women in a state of ignorance and slavish dependence” (Blake 117). The shattering of classifications and stereotypes, and the subversion of traditional gender roles, and the concept of sisterhood or unity among women are among the main tenets of feminist criticism.
The woman on the other hand was expected to play the loyal role to the husband, supporting him in the decisions made and the accomplishments the man made that ensured prosperity in the home. One can say that during this period of time women were somewhat controlled by their spouses. It was just the way things were before women’s right movements came about and women started speaking up for equality. These two pieces of literature selected are fitting in demonstrating the role of the characters in relation to the gender and marriage roles. ‘The Story of an Hour’ by Kate Chopin is a short story that was written in 1894, a time when women were repressed with no rights.
The wallpaper can represent the narrator’s entrapment by societal expectations, being trapped within her own mind, and her lack of voice in her own life. One of the most obvious interpretations of the wallpaper in Gilman’s story is as her entrapment by societal expectations. The story was written during a time in which women were second-class citizens, and were expected to behave according to moral standards set by men and the church. In the story, the narrator’s husband, John, stands for conventional society, and she has no choice but to accept her role in life. When the narrator comes to believe that the wallpaper is a kind of prison for women, it reveals that the wallpaper is more than simply an obsession.
The Awakening, by Kate Chopin, is set at the end of the nineteenth century and explores one woman’s struggle for self-discovery. The protagonist, Edna Pontellier, is confined by societal expectations to fulfill the social roles of being a wife and a mother. Edna is unsatisfied, and does not want to live in a patriarchal world where men have power over women. She longs for a life of independence and wishes to “awaken” to the world around her. Edna’s devotion to her persistent process of emotional, personal and social self-discovery, started with dreaming.
While Ophelia lives in a society where she is viewed as nothing more than a ‘play-thing’ who must follow her father, brother and King’s every word, Ma lives in a society where she also must follow orders, but in her case the tables turn. Both Steinbeck and Shakespeare compare and contrast the theme of the role of women through female characters. A similarity between the female characters in both texts is that the females themselves have opinions and views that differ from her male counterpoints at times. For example, when Steinbeck’s Pa is implying that the family does not have room for Casy, he asks Ma her opinion, which is: “It ain’t kin we? It’s will we?...As far as ‘kin’, we can’t do nothin’, no go to California or nothin’; but as far as ‘will’, we’ll do what we will […]” (Steinbeck 102).
Class: Shakespeare Authority in Marriage in the play the taming of the shrew and the wife of Bath First. Introduction Marriage is an important element in the play “The Taming of the Shrew” which indicates that woman should obey her husband, her lord, in order to lead a successful marital relationship. In other words, woman is simply a commodity belongs to her husband with no autonomy while man controls everything from economy to freedom of thinking and speaking. However, one of the best-known tales of Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales “The Wife of Bath” also plays with the same marriage theme and discusses about the authority in marriage but provides a contrast opinion. The wife of Bath indicates that woman should hold back sex in order to gain authority in marriage.
It is undiluted that Steinbeck omits both a name and a definite identity in his creation of Curley's wife in order to accurately portray her. Like most women, Curley's wife's self-image is largely defined through her relationships with other people. Throughout the novel she struggles with the process of identity development. The reason why she struggles is because she doesn't have many of the key types of relationships women come to know themselves through, namely friendships and working relationships. The few relationships she does maintain, such as her marriage to Curley, are unhealthy and damaging to the frail sense of identity she possesses.
The Storm by Kate Chopin was written during a time period when social mandates were very restrictive. Women were expected to simply marry, have children and stay home to be wife and mother and no more. Men were expected to care for and protect women. Often people would keep their own desires bottled up inside in order to avoid breaking cultures norms. The Storm attacks the rules of society in that particular time period.