It also helps prevent “accumulation of all powers [...] in the same hands,”(B). For example someone cannot be president and a Justice at the same time because it will give that person to much power, because could pass law and declare them constitutional. There is also a system of checks and balances that prevent a tyranny of rising. This system is“to divide and arrange the several offices [...]to check on the other [...],”. This makes it so one branch can not be come to power full and overpower the other two.
* Federalists- People who supported the Constitution during its adoption. They believed in large national government, weaker state government, and government by the elites. * Anti-Federalists- People who opposed the Constitution during its adoption. They wanted a small national government, strong state government, rule of the common man, and protections of individual liberties. * Define and give an example of separation of powers and checks and balances * Separation of powers- An aspect of the Madisonian Model of government that requires each of the three branched of government to be independent of and to share power with each other so that one cannot control the others.
In contrast James Madison saw democracy as a defence against majoritarianism, with checks and balances on government, which would make government responsive to competing minorities and safeguards the propertied-few from the property-less masses. Which also leads to the unbalancing of society and
Some supporters say that a state should have more power than the federal government and then there are others who say the Federal government should be the ruling body alone. You have a central government that functions to keep the country working as a unit, but also works to keep the states from encroaching on individuals and becoming too intrusive. The same works for states. The states have a lot of control over what their citizens should be subject to. For example, criminal laws, property laws, contract laws...etc are decided by the state, not the federal government and they aren’t allowed to govern those areas.
This means anybody appointed by the President then has to be approved by Senate. They can also impeach judges from the Judicial Branch. This limits Executive’s power to appoint people disapproved by Senate. The Judicial Branch can declare laws and the President’s acts unconstitutional. They have the right to do this because if the President is doing something against his right or the Constitution it’s not allowed.
The Federalists sought to create a Constitution that promoted a republican government in which it would strengthen the national government that could serve the purpose of and oversee national policies including defence and taxation. They argued that a strong central government would foster the commercial growth of the new country. Furthermore a prominent Federalist, Alexander Hamilton, believed that the Anti-Federalists' belief in “the idea of an actual representation of all classes of the people by persons of each class is altogether visionary”. That is, the Federalists did not see society as made up principally of farmers, as did the Anti Federalists, but instead viewed it as comprising many different and competing interest groups, none of which would be completely dominant in a federalist system of government.
Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists HIS/110CA University of Phoenix 07/31/2014 Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists During the state conventions that considered whether to adopt the Constitution that had been written in the Philadelphia Convention, Federalists were for the adoption of the Constitution while Anti-federalists were some of them against adopting it and other for adopting it only if it was first amended. Federalists wanted a strong central government that would rule the people of the United States directly and not through the state governments. Anti-federalists wanted a weak central government that would serve the governments of the states by performing those functions of government that could be better preformed by one authority than by 13 different authorities, such as defense and diplomacy. Other functions of government would be performed by the states, not by the federal government. Federalist were for a system of strong federal courts while Anti-federalists were for limits on the federal courts.
Outline Although the founding of the Constitution was a revolutionary, positive turning-point in American history, the US Constitution has a few unconstitutional and democratic shortcomings. Introduction In order to understand the shortcomings of democracy of the US Constitution, is it is important to know the background of its’ founding and how each article serves our country. Federalist No. 10, written by James Madison, asserts the importance of having the image of a democracy without its real substance. There seems to have been a very strong opposition towards democracy at the Constitutional Convention, although the framers were in the midst of creating democratic principles to appeal to the majority of the country.
One train of thought suggests that our government should have limited terms to inject new blood into the government. The other train of thought suggests that experienced politicians know how to move political processes forward and limiting their time in office limits this ability. Our government was established by free thinkers that wanted to break away from the tyrannical structure of England. To ensure that our nation does not fall into the same structure, limitations were placed on government positions but not on the overall length of time an official can hold an office overall other than our presidency. This was established to ensure that our representatives could be renewed as often as needed to reflect the public’s beliefs.
Many of the states were concerned about the government having too much power, and by allowing the citizens more power than just what was stated in the Bill of Rights, it ensures that the government will remain in check. The tenth amendment took power away from the federal government and gave more power to the states. This is what makes the American constitution so unique because it restricts the main government, unlike how it was in Britain. This was the most important addition to many representatives, as they would not sign the constitution because they feared the government would overpower the states, and it would be a repeat of everything they were trying to free themselves from. Luckily, the tenth amendment has made sure that will never