The Ottoman Empire was a large empire. It had expanded from a small Turkish principality in North-west Anatolia, to an empire that stretched from Austria to the Persian Gulf in one direction, and from North Africa to central Asia in the other direction. Force was the key to their successful expansion, which led them defeating their enemies. It began by Osman I leading his army and settling towards the edges of the Byzantine Empire. During this time he had moved the Ottoman capital to Bursa and shaped the early political development of the empire.
Based on the following documents, discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Muslim empires. What types of additional documentation would help access the rise and fall of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals? Historical Background Beginning in 1280, the Ottoman Turks rose from a minor frontier state to control most of Southeastern Europe, Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa. For centuries, European Christians refused to ring church bells for fear that local inhabitants would think the Turks had invaded. Starting in the early 1500s CE, in Persia and India, the Safavids and Mughals created powerful states, whose institutions and policies shared many similarities to the Ottoman Empire.
Whatever the cause may be, there remains little doubt that humanity has come a long way since our ancestors began walking on two legs. Yet there is one civilization that has been studied and analyzed for its unique history, culture, and extraordinary expansion. Perhaps known as the most sophisticated society for its time period, the Roman Empire was formed on a combination of the previously stated elements and its consequential rapid growth has yet to be seen since. With a reign lasting more than 500 years, the Roman Empire is considered one of the most powerful nations in all of ancient history. Stretching from the arid plains of the Arabian Desert to the isles of the United Kingdom, Rome controlled the entire Mediterranean world at its peak.
They were most responsible for the new imperialism. It begun in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Economic forces played a huge role in the Europe’s nation. One example of the political forces would be, survival of the fittest. In Document 5, William L. Langer says, “But the economic side, must not be allowed to obscure the other factors.
But worse than this; when the war began Germany was a rich country, as the countries of Europe then went. She was really full of cities, which, though their main threads of commerce were fast snapping, might yet fairly be called very flourishing. When the war ended she was a desert. The decimation is extremely significant since it gives an insight into why the proactive, even aggressive, aspect to German territorial diplomacy in modern terms can be seen to be historically traceable and Renaissance diplomacy allied to it in embryo. In addition, it can be seen that the conflict itself was an integral part of the way in
New conquests extended its domain well into central Europe and throughout the Arab portion of the old Islamic caliphate, and a new amalgam of political, religious, social, and economic organizations and traditions was institutionalized and developed into a living, working whole. The Empire, sadly, would begin a slow decline into the cesspool of third world countries. One of the primary causes blamed for the fall of the Ottoman Empire was the decline of the Sultanate. Originally the Sultanate was a strong institution, in which the Sultan would select a competent successor from among his often numerous sons. This weakening began late in the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent.
The battle is a crucial factor in allowing the West to remain strong and develop into the West of today, while also hampering the growth of the Islamic World. On one end of the battle lied the Turks of the mighty Ottoman Empire. The empire was one of the largest worldly powers during the time of the siege. The empire started in the year 1299, in southeastern Europe, and during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, at the height of its power, it spanned 3 continents: Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa. At the top of the Empire, lied the Sultan.
This created power struggles between the military and the power family which led to their demise. Examples would be the struggle between Shah Jahan’s sons * Another main factor in the demise of the empire was when the british got a seat on the imperial court of Agra Religion: * Governments in all 3 were muslim based * Mughals were the only group that was not predominately muslim, muslims were only a small minority * ottomans were sunni muslims * ottoman titles were claimed to be caliphs * they maintained Islamic law called sandri’a * only applied to ottoman muslims * ottoman minorities were mostly greek orthodox jews * muslims were prohibited from adopting other faiths * each group was organized into administrative unit called millet (nations) * woman were treated much like other woman in
Constantinople, the capital of the empire, was the main center of a trading network that extended across Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It was also the western end of the Silk Road. Textiles were the most important items of export generating a monopoly controlled by the state. These accomplishments helped the Byzantine Empire become one of the most important empires in history. Because of these accomplishments Constantinople now called Istanbul
Thus Creating the biggest power in Europe, both economically and militarily, and arguably becoming the world’s ﬁrst superpower. Therefore it must be deduced what was the most important of these changes in developing the monarch’s reputations, in order to conclude the short term signiﬁcance of the conquest of Granada. There is a strong argument that due to social change; the greatest short term signiﬁcance was the changes to Spain’s relationships with nearby powers. This is supported by schemes to teach seminaries Arabic and the creation of hospitals, both of which were used to persuade the conversion of Muslims after 1491. This respectful nature is somewhat communicated through The Capitulations of Granada, where the terms of surrender agree that “Moors shall be judged in their own laws” and that “Christian slaughterhouses would be separate from Muslim ones”.