The Fall of the Ottoman Empire

1997 Words8 Pages
The Ottoman Empire was one of the greatest and most powerful civilizations, reaching the height of its power, in the 16th and 17th century. The empire had controlled areas in three continents and had 29 provinces in total. After Suleyman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire had a series of weak rulers, an inactive economy, and the belief conservatism stopped this Empire from developing even more. These factors caused the waning of the Empire, however, the decline of the Ottoman Empire was also caused by Nationalism and rebels in the Balkans; the New Ottomans and Young Turks that tried to bring the Empire to become what it was at the 16th and 17 century; the German Intervention, and lastly, the Balkan Wars. These factors all contributed to the fall of the Empire and with the pressure of change that the people had to go through. Many factors effected the waning of the Ottoman Empire, including, that they had a series of weak rulers, a stagnated economy and a strong belief in conservatism. The Sultans who followed Suleyman were weak and inexperienced. For centuries the Empire had strong Sultans and dominant armies, had neither after Suleyman. One reason for this change is that fratricide was no longer a practice that was used. Fratricide helps the Sultan to become stronger, as before taking the throne, they had to kill their own brothers. It was a way for them to succeed, however, this rule was changed to imprisonment in a harem. This was a negative change by the Sultan, Ahmed I, because it caused the upcoming Sultans weaker and knew little knowledge about how to rule the empire, instead they stayed in luxurious rooms. This eventually leads to weak Sultans on the throne. Another factor that affected the waning of the empire is the economic decline. The Ottoman Empire did not develop a bourgeois class that can actually develop local and international businesses for the
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