Based on the following documents, discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Muslim empires. What types of additional documentation would help access the rise and fall of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals? Historical Background Beginning in 1280, the Ottoman Turks rose from a minor frontier state to control most of Southeastern Europe, Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa. For centuries, European Christians refused to ring church bells for fear that local inhabitants would think the Turks had invaded. Starting in the early 1500s CE, in Persia and India, the Safavids and Mughals created powerful states, whose institutions and policies shared many similarities to the Ottoman Empire.
The Magyar were part of the Second Age of Invasion that the Muslims initiated. They traveled from Western Asia and resembled the Turks in many ways.1Their art post a serious threat to the stability of numerous European Kingdoms, including the Byzantine Empire. For instance, “The Magyars fought as they had on the Eurasian Steppes, as fast-moving and light equipped horse archers”.2 Moreover, their hit and run tactics made it extremely difficult to defeat. In addition, since they were driven by their desire to salvage and pillage the regions they often did not accept open battle instead rely on their surprise attract and immediate retreat. The Magyars started their invasions of Europe in the 9th century AD.
The monarchs of Europe made fun of him, saying that it was too risky and dangerous to attempt such a voyage around the globe. Finally, Columbus arrived in Spain. For many years Spain had been caught up in civil war. As a result, they were behind much of Europe in their development. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were anxious to prove that Spain could be as powerful and successful as their neighbor Portugal.
Another reason feudalism lost power was the mercenaries that fought for the English king. After the first of the many treaties during the war was signed in 1360 by France, the English king did not want to release his unruly soldiers on his own land. Instead, they were loosed on France where they were free to loot and pillage as they pleased. Castles that belonged to lords took a beating as the mercenaries took them over and then sold them back to the lords for a large price. New weaponry made in the war made the king stronger against nobles.
The war between the two countries could not be contained to just them alone due to an alliance system that linked certain countries together by pledge to back each other in time of war. This caused a chain reaction forcing Russia, France, and Great Britain to go to war with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. During this time the United States remained neutral because they believed it was a European matter and we wanted to continue trading with those nations at war. The United States became less neutral in the war and more supportive of the allies side following several events with Germany. German U-boats sank British passenger liners killing Americans.
The first was that in the beginning of the 20th century Ottoman Government feared loosing their power to the highly educated Pontiac people. It aggravated them that a larger percentage of the Pontiac people in Turkey had a substantial influence on the Empires economy. The Greeks had also resisted the pressure of converting to Islam, ever since the 17th and 18th the Greeks were forced to convert to Islam. The Ottoman used both of these things to start their genocidal acts toward the Greek Catholic population. Deportation: The ways that the Ottoman Empire managed to deport the Greeks came in many forms.
To avoid war in the years 1935 to 1938, Britain and France turned a blind eye to small acts of aggression and expansion, the United States went along with this policy. Even though Roosevelt knew of the threat the Fascist proposed he was still worried about the majority of the isolationist throughout the country. Testing the waters in 1937 he spoke about the democracies teaming up and trying to “quarantine” the problem. The public did not take to well on this idea, and he quickly dropped the subject. Even though that speech failed Roosevelt somehow managed to argue for neutrality but at the same time convince Congress to start building up the arms and increase the military and naval budget by nearly two-thirds in 1938.
Cavour did many things and has many contributions to Italy. But the main aim was not unified Italy. He hoped that Piedmont would be strong enough to assume the leadership of Italy in the event of another wars with Austria, France and the House of Hapsburg of Austria. Many facts and evidence could see that Cavour did not want a unified Italy. He tried to prevent it and the "unification" was only Piedmontization (tried to extent the influence of Piedmont).
The Moors who were a group of Moslems conquered the Iberian Peninsula in 711. Over the next 750 years there would be numerous battles between the Christian and Muslims to gain control; it came to end in 1492 when the last of the Moorish kingdoms were driven from the Iberian Peninsula. This period is known as the Reconquista. The Muslims during the 13th century made a lot of strides in geography, mathematics astronomy and medicine. With the influx of Muslims the European nations became immersed in their philosophies; many people became frightened by the Muslim influence consequently there was a demand to increase the centralization of the Christian Kingdom which helped to unite Europe.
The changes were Europe’s craving hunger for knowledge and the Church’s decline in power. The end of the Middle ages was mostly in part due to deplorable wars such as the Crusades, the Peasant Revolt, and due to significant ambition for knowledge among the individuals of Europe and the decline in the Church’s power. Long, bloody, and brutal expeditions also known as the Crusades, greatly impacted the end of the Middle Ages due to the chaotic disorder and bedlam it caused as well as the newfound finance and trade markets it brought. War is never a good thing for a country, and a prolong war such as the Crusades did bring disorder to Europe. Many lives were lost and those who came back were spiritually and mentally affected and placed in asylums.