Unification of Italy

1632 Words7 Pages
Q: Do you agree with the view that "Cavour hindered the process of Italian unification." Explain your answer. (99AL-Hist I) "Hinder" means prevent somebody doing something or stop something from being doing. In the eyes of the Italians, Cavour was a chief architect for the Italian unification. However, from my points of view, Cavour hindered the process of Italian Unification. Although he died in 1861, the year before the unification was achieved, he intended to delay or even prevented the unification in his mind. Nothing to say, Cavour made Piedmont economically progressive, politically liberal and financially stable through many reform programmes after he became the Prime Minister in 1852. From administrative aspect, he encouraged reforms in the army, state administration and legal systems; in trade and industry, he pioneered scientific agriculture, negotiated trade treaties and introduced new industries and he encouraged overseas investors and advisors to help in the economic development of Piedmont; in the communication network, schemes were initiated for the piecing of Mont Cenis by a rail tunnel and for turning Genoa into a great commercial port. Cavour did many things and has many contributions to Italy. But the main aim was not unified Italy. He hoped that Piedmont would be strong enough to assume the leadership of Italy in the event of another wars with Austria, France and the House of Hapsburg of Austria. Many facts and evidence could see that Cavour did not want a unified Italy. He tried to prevent it and the "unification" was only Piedmontization (tried to extent the influence of Piedmont). In the nineteenth century, some historians subscribed to the view that Cavour did not want a united Italy. In Cavour's domestic policy, he was not concentrated on the affairs of unification. He only wanted Piedmont to become a strong leader in Italy only. In
Open Document