Define the “age stratification theory”, and discuss the relevance of this theory to the older person. The age stratification theory is the underlying scheme that groups people into social categories; ranking people based of age, wealth, gender and race. Age stratification, which is based on the social status of a person, is a major source of inequalities and differences between age groups and consequently may lead to ageism. (GCIT, 2012a) 3. Define the “activity theory”, and discuss the relevance of this theory to the older person.
Q2. Compare the experience of dementia for an individual who has acquired it as an older person with the experience of an individual who has acquired it as a younger person. The experience of dementia between an individual who has acquired it as an older person and the experience of an individual who has acquired it as a younger person may not be very different. The effects that dementia brings will be the same for both individuals as dementia does not discriminate. The care both individuals receive will differ and their own attitude towards it may also differ greatly.
The biggest single factor which he feels contributes to happiness is family and other close relationships. Having good personal relationships with people who are important to us is a very significant contributor to happiness and general well being. Happy people tend to be distinguished by their rich and satisfying close relationships, rather than their greater levels of wealth. This is supported by Robert Lane’s findings. According to Spoors et al, Lane found that increased economic power did not lead to increased happiness.
Development through Life Stages Unit 4 (P5) Explain the Physical and Psychological changes which may be associated with aging. (M3) Discuss the effects on Self-Esteem and Self-Confidence of the Physical changes associated with the aging process. P5 and M3 In task three I discussed the theory of aging and the two theories of aging which are the disengagement theory and the activity theory. I described what the theories of ages were about and why it is important for an individual to understand the aging process which does not begin at any particular age as individuals age throughout their life, not only those in later adulthood. As individual’s age there are many physical and psychological changes that may occur because a person is getting older and their body is changing by the body changing it can have an effect on the individual’s self-esteem and self-confidence.
Reasons that a senior citizen may be encouraged to live in a senior specific community can vary from cost efficiency to medical necessity. There are seniors that prefer living in a residential community over independent living but encouragement to do so should be based on individual needs. The decision for a senior to live in a residential facility should be based on the person having the best quality of life. Seniors living in residential communities are at less risk for depression than those that live alone. Edelman, P., O'Brien, C., Loftus, E., & Engel, R. (2010) Studies have shown that seniors that live in residential communities have better mental wellness than those that live alone.
Your identity is what you think about yourself. Are you independent, confident, able, attractive. If so you will feel good, health, happy and your well-being (your life and existence) will be positive. What if you aren't independent, confident, able and attractive then you will feel low about your identity. Self-esteem comes from a positive identity.
Since the IB learner profile unites us all as a lifelong learners. It applies to us all for we are all continually learning. William McRaven made many analogies that relate to IB Learner profile and that automatically makes him a thinker. McRaven’s life learned lessons, applies to everyone because he was able to analyze the credit and the faults of things he has learned from seal training. The first thing the men learned was to make their beds orderly each day.
Last but not least I will explain exactly my attitude towards aging and how I think it will affect me. Aging and Attitude 1. Respond to the statement "You are only as old as you feel". Do you agree or disagree. What are some of the things that influence how old we "feel"?
Carl Rogers lived a long and very eventful life. With the influence of his parents, he was truly a product of his environment and learned in a fashion very similar to his fundamental beliefs. During a clash of his rearing as well as the diverse society within a college, Rogers’ learned many new perspectives on life. The cultivation of people in all walks of life to join and develop theory and ideas became an awakening based upon his narrow perspective. This developed and became his social outlet throughout college.