Evaluate The Main Elements Of a Person-Centred App

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Evaluate the main elements of a person-centred approach to counselling using one other approach Counselling is a twentieth century creation. The popularity and relatively speedy evolution of this ‘human service’ is attributed to rapid social change and the chaotic lifestyles that most of us experience. At times we may come up against a ‘block’ (maybe a situation, feeling or experience for example) that disrupts our normal routine and with which our inner resources cannot cope. Counselling offers a channel through which people can explore and illuminate a more agreeable, comfortable and capable way of life by eliminating or managing problems and concerns. Karusu identified over 400 models of counselling and psychotherapy (McLeod, 2008, p. 17). The proliferation and diversity of theories are considered a product of the assortment of cultural, economic and social forces. There are however, three core approaches to counselling: psychodynamic, cognitive/behavioural and the ‘third force’ - the person-centred approach. This essay evaluates the main elements of the person-centred approach in relation to the psychodynamic approach and examines contrasting and similar ways in which human beings and their emotional and behavioural problems are viewed and attended to. Both approaches differ when considering reality and what it is like to be a person. Sigmund Freud is generally recognised as the founder of the psychodynamic approach to modern psychology - psychoanalysis. Freud believed that much of our human behaviour is not within our conscious control and is powerfully affected by unconscious motives. Furthermore, he considered adult behaviour patterns and thought processes to be the creation of childhood experiences. Psychological problems occur in the developmental stages of childhood when sexual and aggressive impulses are subconsciously repressed and ‘driven
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