Word Count 2465 Module 1 Essay ‘ Evaluate the claim that Person- Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients’. I will start by discussing a brief history of person centred therapy and of ‘Carl Rogers’ theory of actualization and how it differs from other therapies theories and how by combining different theories gives the therapist more tools to treat clients. I shall continue with how he believed by providing three core conditions which he believed to be needed to be present to bring about change and how creating this environment/ situation can be difficult. Then I will discuss in more detail his theory of the personality and terminology used by Rogers and how this view point held is different to other therapeutic models. I will conclude with additional pluses and minuses of the client centred method of treatment & whether it provides all that a therapist needs to treat clients.
In this relaxed state the client has the vital ability to change one’s self through determined focus. The client will only accept positive suggestions offered by the therapist if they are convinced by their skill and ability to bring out a successful outcome that benefits the client. Thus it is the initial consultation that sets out the foundation on which the rest of the therapy will stand and works its way forward gearing up to obtain optimum solutions.
Personal integration in counselling psychotherapy Introduction. Being a good therapist some would say is about being human with another human being and not about applying theory, others may find it hard not to deal with the theory, using it constantly, thinking about theory in relation to each question that could be asked while being with the client. I would suggest that theory needs to be part of me, and I need to be part of the theory. Integrating theory allows it not to be different from me, it allows theory to be part of me. Horton (1999), regarded personal integration as a desire to clarify what is a model of counselling or psychotherapy, then use the conclusion as a way to structure the elements for an analysis of thinking in practice.
Abstract An ideal form of the therapeutic process for individual counseling is comprised of techniques and theories taken from the Psychodynamic Approach, Cognitive-Behavioral Approach, Person-Centered Approach and behavior modification techniques that are found in Operant Conditioning. These individual counseling techniques were chosen based on how effective and relevant to the client, they were deemed to be. Techniques taken from the psychodynamic approach is to allow the client to become conscious of all unconscious or subconscious concerns through the use of transference and working alliance. Techniques taken from the cognitive-behavioral approach is to help the client identify any irrational beliefs and thinking that is the cause of the client’s emotional disturbance. In the person centered approach, the therapy focuses on an important human characteristic - the client’s natural ability for growth and development, through the use of self actualization.
The humanistic approach has been praised for its great emphasis on autonomy, the idea that we have control over everything we do. The approach also emphasises positivity and is immensely positive about human nature. Therefore it is no surprise that one of the main assumptions of humanism is that we are involved in life as opposed to being an abstraction to it. Humanistic psychologists also believe that all people have a strive towards self actualisation, a state in which we are at peace with the world and ourselves. Maslow presented the idea of the hierarchy of needs, a table that describes how one passes through stages in their life to become self actualised.
Therapeutic alliance is a variable that needs to be effective in order to have a successful therapeutic outcome. Carl Rogers initiated the role purpose of the therapeutic alliance. Rogers (1965) identified empathy, genuinessness and unconditional positive regard as therapeutic tools during counselling sessions. In order to re-evaluate my skills, I performed a brief counselling session with my client, Mona. I found that using certain skills such as paraphrasing, reflecting feelings, summarising, challenging and asking open questions to explore options were required to form a therapeutic alliance between my client and me.
Word count 2417 Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/ she will need to treat clients. To start to evaluate this claim I will first need to look at the key areas of the theory. The Person Centred Theory was developed in the 40’s by American psychologist Carl Rogers. The person centred theory is based on three core conditions which I will explain later. I will be taking a look at some of the criticisms of the theory as well as the good points of Rogers’s theory, and although there are some critics of the theory there is no doubt that Rogers’s approach to counselling is an in-valuable part in the history of the humanistic thinking.
Additionally, developing self-awareness helps the client to rediscover meaning in life. Some clients will, however, need a more structured therapy than is typical in a humanistic person-centered approach. One of the strengths of using a humanistic/person-centered approach when working with clients is the warmth and caring of the relationship that (hopefully) develops between counsellor and client. The counsellors active listening and full emotional availability will provide them with a healing environment within which they can explore their emotional experiences safely and without judgment. Central to the therapist's role in client-centred therapy is respecting the clients values as well as maintaining a therapeutic nonjudgmental attitude.
Treatments utilized by counseling professionals such as CBT allows clients to be aware of various events causing their life’s spiral; uninterested clients with court-ordered treatment must make a valid decision for their success while rationalizing personal biases of treatment. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Positive and negative influences burden clients so much that they compromise themselves through careless and difficult situations. According to Kendra Cherry (2011), “Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients to understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors.” CBT assist clients by emphasizing their focus towards channeling energy to connecting dilemmas. Utilizing this rationalization of theories creates awareness for clients to identify relationships between treatment and coping with disorders. Once treatment surfaces awareness aids in the process of preventing relapses, clients not interested in receiving court-ordered treatment CBT provides them with tools to make valid decisions.
Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients For this assignment I have been asked to ‘Evaluate the claim that Person-centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients’. In order to do this I need to fully understand what Person-centred Therapy is and what it involves. For this reason I will start by evaluating Person-centred therapy itself and how it works. I will then look at the strengths and weaknesses, before coming to my ultimate conclusion. What is Person-Centred Therapy?