Ethical Standard for Human Services Research

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Ethical Standard for Human Services Research The first international document on the ethics of research, the Nuremberg Code, was promulgated in 1946 as a consequence of the trial of physicians who had conducted atrocious experiments on non-consenting prisoners and detainees during the Second World War. The Code, designed to protect the integrity of the research subject, sets out conditions for the ethical conduct of research involving human subjects, emphasizing the human subject's "voluntary consent" to research. The voluntary consent of human subject is absolutely essential. This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, duress, over reaching or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion. Precipitants should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved as to enable him or her to make an understanding and enlightened decision (Freeman S. 2000). In this paper Team B will summarize our reflections and thoughts on ethical standards for human research. I.) Three basic ethical principles for human research are: • Respect for autonomy, which requires that those who are capable of deliberation about their personal choices should be treated with respect for their capacity for self-determination. • Beneficence refers to the ethical obligation to maximize benefits and to minimize harms and wrongs. • Justice refers to the ethical obligation to treat each person in accordance with what is morally right and proper, to give each person what is due to him or her. II.) The circumstances that deceit is allowable and the criteria that must be met: • The participant is honestly and fully informed about the requirements of their participation before they participate in

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