He could afford to raise and maintain a powerful army, and could dominate Europe. He conquered countries who fought against France, and also attempted to unify France religiously. Overall, his reign was a success, and he left his successors with a solid foundation of France. Although Peter I improved Russia and attempted to modernize areas regarding the economy and military, he failed to lay the foundations of a stable state. However, Louis XIV succeeded to make France a powerful and superior state, and improved most classic areas of the
Peter the Great Peter the Great ruled Russia from 1692 till 1725. Born in Moscow June 9th, 1672 and died that place February 8th, 1725. During his rule he did a lot to improve day-to-day life in Russia. Peter the Great helped modernized the society. He had many accomplishments and made many important contributions to Russian life.
An outstanding individual involved in Russia’s development was Sergei Witte. As minister of finance from 1892 to 1903 he set himself the huge task of modernising the Russian economy to compete with the advanced nations of the West. It was Witte’s belief that modernisation could be achieved only through state capitalism. He was impressed by the results of the industrial revolutions in the West, and argued that the same ideas could successfully modernise Russia. However, given the backwardness of the Russian economy particular difficulties were presented.
For example Trotsky organised and disciplined the army very well, he recruited ex tsarist army officers who were experienced in combat also due to his recruitment strategy membership rose from 7000 in March 1918 to 5 million in September 1920 and he also organised key victories such as the last battle between white and red forces between the 7th and 15th of November 1920. Trotsky’s leadership of the red army resulting in victory in the civil war helped the Bolsheviks survive because it crushed a major threat of
The British blockades and direct attacks on tobacco stores and other US trade goods made it difficult to conduct commerce during the war ( Spangled Banner Historical Trail, 2013). Russia realized that this was a problem, therefore was one of the main reasons that Czar Alexander convinced these nations to come to an agreement. He knew that if the war were to end he would be able to make high seas commerce safer, as well as more lucrative. These changes to the economic system were positive for all, and due to the treaty created a lasting relationship between the United States of America and for the United
Peter brought a strong philosophy that it was a burden to rule, so he ruled with a burden to be the first servant of Russia, building her up. As Peter ascended to power, his first order of business was to go on a Grand Embassy of Europe. Throughout his experience, Peter never seemed particularly impressed with Europe’s governmental structures, but was quite impressed with western culture and technology. Upon returning to Russia, Peter, believing that what’s good for Russia is what Russia will do, began a series of reforms that are known as the Petrine Reforms. These Petrine Reforms are the beginning of this western movement throughout all of Russia.
For the previous few centuries whilst Western Europe had been developing Russia had been living in the middle ages and the Emancipation of the Serfs put an end to this. Also for a long period prior to Alexander II’s reign Russia had been seen as a major power but after the Crimean War came a realisation that this was not the case any longer. Another large turning point in Russian History is the creation of the Duma because it was a start towards democracy. Also it was the first time any Tsar had been forced to make concessions which paved the start towards revolutions and more power to the people. A fairly insignificant turning point is the period of Russification brought about by Alexander III.
The attitude, "we're as good as European nations" was amplified more than ever by the jingoists, or extreme nationalists. Echoing this sentiment, Josiah Strong's "Our Country," recognizes the Anglo-Saxon advantage on the west shores of the Atlantic. As America sought to grow, America also sought to protect its overseas territories, and, more importantly, its existing territories. By acquiring Alaska, the Alleutian Islands, Midway Island, Hawaii, Guam, and Samoa, the perimeter of America extended. This issue of national security as a root for imperialism was mentioned in Henry Cabot Lodge's "Our Blundering Foreign Policy."
He would win battles against weaker forces, but win he did, establishing a foothold on what would become the city of St. Petersburg. 12 Since there was no way Peter could send the southern fleet all the way around Europe or Asia to the Baltic, Peter again had an entire navy constructed from scratch and they would participate in naval as well as amphibious landings against the Swedes. 13 Throw in internal rebellion, external armies invading and bad choices by the Swedish military he and his forces finally owthe Great Northern War was concluded in terms favorable to Russia. Not content however,Peter would mobilize his forces (again) in an attempt to take on the Turks and would fail. To the rest of the European powers however, for the first time Great Britain and France would take notice of the power and potential of a rising Russia.
The Russian Enlightenment Throughout history many countries have embraced ideas of the enlightenment. The age of Enlightenment mostly happened around Europe and through three praised philosophers John Locke, Voltaire and Montesquieu their ideas were spread world wide to help improve many countries lives and government system. Voltaire’s ideas on enlightenment had a huge effect on Russia through his good friend Catherine II. With Catherine’s ambitious ideas and Voltaire’s power they both helped to build Russia into the great country that it is today through enlightenment. Catherine II was married to emperor Peter III.