The interaction of nature and nurture is clearly described in social learning theories. A behavior is observed and learned, and the individual responds to their environment using learned behaviors and their own judgment on the situation. 2. Which theories emphasize the impact of early experience on development? Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory consists of eight stages and describes the impact of early experiences and experiences over the lifespan from childhood to adulthood (Cherry, 2013).
Jean Piaget’s theory was based on systematic (schema) study for our cognitive development. Piaget believed that there were stages that you had to achieve in order to move on to the next. The order of the stages: Piagets theory came in to place by observing children. A way of applying his theory to the classroom is “use concrete props and visual aids whenever possible...” (McLendon, 2011) In my practice we set up activities for each individual need of each child to help them progress through the stage of the theory which links to Piagets theory. Lev Vygotsky’s theory was based on social/emotional development needs to show demonstration/imagination to allow a child to progress.
When a person of different culture moves and settles in another society, the culture of that society becomes the principal culture and those of the immigrants form a subculture of the community, thence multiculturalism is born (Gargiulo, 2012). Multicultural Education Multicultural Education is education and instruction designed for the students of several different cultures in an educational system. Students’ cultures are used to build effective classroom instruction and school environment. This approach to teaching is supports the concepts culture, diversity, equality, social justice, and democracy into the school atmosphere (Foundations of Multicultural Education, 2009). Students’ culture and experience influence the way they learn and interact with peers and teachers.
This paper will illustrate the following (1) how I view the course of child development as continuous (2) how my own personal child development theory would be a blend between Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental theory and Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory (3) how I feel environmental and cultural influences play a large role in a child’s development and (4) how I would incorporate my theories into the classroom. There have been many theories that have played a part in early childhood development research. It has been these theories that have changed the way teachers educate their students. Creating an environment that contributes to learning is key to the student’s success. I believe that children develop smoothly and continuously, gradually adding on more of the same types of skills that were there in the beginning.
The conception puts more emphasis on the responsibilities of the schools in enabling the young people in this case the children in lower primary phase, share their The academic rationalists further believe that the curriculum should develop the mind of the learners with knowledge that can be objective and which can also be tested through empirical reasoning and evidence. From a rational perspective the development of the mind is achieved through the mastering of the fundamental knowledge structure relations that are logical, meaning, criteria for assessment and the evaluation of the truth. The academic rationalists however do not limit their conception only to the transmission of the knowledge that is in existence to the future generations. This conception on the other hand indicates that knowledge can be also be created and the The cognitive processes conceptions In
Rationale for teaching Social Studies in the Secondary School If a question had to be asked as to why social studies has to be taught in secondary school, one would have to first understand the meaning of social studies and the importance it plays in society. According to (Griffith and Barth,2006), social studies is the integration of social science and humanities concepts for the purpose of practising problem-solving/ decision- making citizenship skills on issues of personal and social concern. One of the significance of social studies is that it accentuates nation building in respect to the history, tradition, values and belief of a singular country. In light of above, one could certainly conclude that the rationale for teaching social studies in the secondary school involves citizenship education and social participation. In teaching citizenship education students will acquire the knowledge and skills that are critical to the development of the nation in which they reside.
Furthermore, Vygotsky’s socioeconomic model is discussed, with emphasis on the role of language and the cognitive influence of parent-child tutoring interactions and more specifically scaffolding tutoring. Similarities and differences between the two central concepts are also a subject of discussion. Finally, some evidence for the impact of peer-to-peer relationships in toddlers is presented. Based on the existing literature the thesis of this essay is that intra and interpersonal processes are both influential when it comes to forming children’s social and cognitive skills. One of the fundamental theories in the field of social and cognitive development is that of the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980).
Norms are standards and expectations of a society .Mass media and the school play a major role in transmitting both acceptable and unacceptable values to secondary school children. The writer will also define the terms socialization and socialisation agents Definition of terms Socialisation Haralambos and Holborn(1990) define socialisation as the process by which individuals learn the culture of their society. In support of Haralambos,Lundberg(2001) defines socialisation as the complex process of interaction through which an individual learns the habits,skills,beliefs and standard of judgment that are necessary for his/her effective participation in social groups and communities..For the purpose of this essay,socialisation will be defined as the process of cultural learning in secondary school students for them to acquire the necessary skills and education to play
This fields of psychology helps educationalists in their day to day decision making and help them to deal with their activities in a better way. It is important to look upon on the significance and the importance of education psychology, the cognitive development in children by Jean Piaget, Moral development by Lawerence Kohlberg and the Social development theory by Eric Ericson. Educational psychology is a branch of applied psychology. “Psychology is the science of behavior and cognitive processes” (Baron, 2013, p….). Therefore Educational psychology (EP) consist of the study of an individual’s mental thoughts and actions in an educational environment.
Social Studies has contributed and is still contributing to the development of the individual in different ways. However, before discussing the different ways, I will first define Social Studies. According to the Grade 7-9 Social Studies Curricula, “ Social Studies is primarily concerned with the study of people, their activities and relationship, as they interact with one another and with their physical and socio-cultural environment in an effort to meet their needs to live and to make a living.” Social Studies is been taught in school to prepare our young people for citizenship. It was intended as a nation building subject, as distinct from other field of study. Social Studies has developed certain basic foundational beliefs.