Statistics show that more than three fourths of children enrolled in certain city school systems are black or Hispanic. It is very unlikely to find white students in these schools. Numerous Americans who do not live in major cities do not know how segregated these urban schools really are. They believe that the inequalities in the school systems have gotten better, when in reality it is the opposite. Certain schools that take after the name of Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and other honored leaders are not diverse.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 overturned Plessy V. Ferguson which not only led to African Americans having better schools, but also allowed them to learn with their Caucasian peers. The benefit of being in the classroom with Caucasian peers is that learning cannot be discriminated against African Americans. African Americans are in the same classroom, have the same textbook, and the same teacher. They cannot force them to close their eyes and not pay attention. African Americans have the power to succeed in the classroom on their own determination.
"Explain how freedoms for African Americans were socially, politically, and economically limited from 1865 to 1900?” Socially, blacks were subjected to segregation and discrimination. Segregation wasn’t really a large problem to them, however, as they were more interested in forming a black community rather than integrating with the whites. However, I mean, it is still pretty awful to be treated like you’re not a being worthy enough to drink out of the same water fountain or attend the same school based on skin color. Blacks were subjected to many dehumanizing things socially speaking. Oh, and lets not forget the KKK (if that falls into this category; I think it does) who harassed, intimidated, and killed black people.
This primarily affected African American children because their education system was different from the white children. Negro schools had many restrictions such as the reading matter being restricted to the used and discarded volumes of the libraries of the white community (Johnson 268). Based on attention to this advertisement through the perspective of race, I observe that African American children were falsely depicted in the 1930’s because they lack a proper education system and they were not socially equal. Education affected the child’s self-esteem and self-worth. According to Charles Johnson’s article, “Education of the Negro Child” about sixty-five percent of African American children are classified as retarded and the majority are retarded by more than one year (Johnson 266).
The introduction of slavery to the United States of America stole these opportunities from millions of African children. This immoral robbery of education stole not only from the African children, but from America itself by taking away the ideas of Africans. The redundancy of America’s actions have become clearer as time has passed. Because of segregation in schools, the African American high school graduation rate is exponentially lower, the amount of African Americans enrolled in public education is lower, and the opportunities presented to African American students in public schools are, yet again, low. The struggle for equal education is a fight that must be won so that we as Americans may all benefit from the African American people.
A according to the article by Strauss claims schools in poor and low neighborhoods like Harlem ,the south Bronx and central Brooklyn are not founded and receiving grants. On the other hand, schools in provided neighborhood receive opportunities like experienced teachers and other resources as a result; they are viewed as more successfully. The second problem face school system in USA is poor student and their income is low. Also, these students don’t have enough money to buy supplies that students need during in school. Also, poor students don’t have enough money to buy new computers or new programs to join with society, and this problem reflects in schools such as knowledge and experiences, too.
Also considering the ethnicity of the students who dropout, this research shows Hispanics and African-Americans are more likely to stop attending college and become vulnerable to becoming college dropouts. On the other hand female students and Asian ethnicities are the ones with a high rate of graduating from college. There are several key factors related to the rate of student dropouts in City College, but the most important factor is the lack of academic and educational knowledge before college. (1-b.) according to the finding by Alliance report, students who were admitted in the earlier admission phases were less likely to dropout, and the ones who admitted in the later phases dropout in higher numbers.
While it was stated that there can’t be racial equality without closing the educational gap, the method in which this gap would be closed was not discussed. Also, there was a discussion about how the ‘Separate but Equal’ policy should have been kept with some alterations, such as improving the supplies and conditions of the schools for the black students. The reason why many believe it should’ve been kept that way was not because of racism, but so that way black students would be able to compete with themselves instead of having the preconceived notion that they were inferior to the white students. After some progression, however, the schools would then integrate. It is my personal opinion that these experts should stop talking about closing the educational gap and referencing things in the past that cannot be changed, but instead should be making strides toward encouraging black students to succeed.
In addition, minority groups were getting paid less in the workforce, as compared to whites who earn more. Not only was there prejudice towards race, gender was also an issue of inequality. Before the 19th amendment was passed, women did not have the right to vote, because politics were not considered a women’s business. Such attitudes were based on prejudice. Prejudice is a biased belief or judgment directed against an individual, a group, or a race without logical reasoning.
One reason why different pupil subcultures exist in schools is a result of negative labelling. Becker (1971) interviewed 60 Chicago high school teachers asking them to explain their view of an ideal student. He found that the teachers emphasised characteristics such as conduct and language before they got to ability. Becker concluded that it was much easier for middle class students to meet this ideal since they are better dressed and spoken than their working class counterparts. Thus, working class children are not going to be perceived as academic which will impact the opportunities available to them in school.