The manner in which this denotative, literal level is coded ‘prepares and facilitates’ (Barthes, 1977.p.43) our reading of the connotative level. Barthes first defines the root of image as being close to the word "imitari" which translates as an imitation or a re-presentation. Barthes goes on to say that ‘all images are polysemous’ [Barthes, 1977.p.38] meaning that there are multiple possible meanings held within an image. These two points pose the central question of Barthes’ essay; can images truly function as conveyers of meaning given that they are essentially imitations (or direct analogical representations) of something else, and if they can, how does meaning get into the image? For his argument, Barthes analyses an advertising image from ‘Panzani.’ He only focuses on the advertising image because, as he states, ‘In advertising the signification of the image is undoubtedly intentional.’ (Barthes, 1977.p.33) Meaning that everything in the frame, no matter how natural it seems, has been heavily coded and mediated with easily recognizable, culturally specific signs.
Language Carla M. Van Pelt University of Phoenix Psychology 360 March 5, 2014 Language Language is how we communicate through knowledge, behavior, and belief can be shared, explained, and experienced. Sharing is based on a conventional and systematic use of signs, gestures, sounds, or marks that have an understood meaning within a community, group, or culture. This paper will briefly explore, language, and lexicon, the key features of language, the four levels of language, and how language is cognitively processed. Language and Lexicon Language. Language can be defined as communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, or written symbols.
Othello: Practice Essay A Comparative Study of Texts: PRACTICE ESSAY How has your understanding of the impact of context on the transformation of values been illuminated by the study of Shakespeare’s Othello and Davies’ film version? Around 1601, Shakespeare wrote Othello. 400 years later, Davies appropriates him. Whilst it seems unoriginal at first, Davies’ rendition has changed entirely the context of Shakespeare’s original, to a modern one. And what better way to apply a modern context than a clichéd urban crime thriller.
These three spaces (physical, mental, bodily) have a relationship with the "existential" space (anthropological), to which Merleau-Ponty was referring in Phenomenology of Perception, as any place permits the experiment with the medium through the "act of speech". In this sense, space is to place what the word is to speaking, a situation that favors the story because the act of storytelling has the power to transform "places into spaces or spaces into places", be it symbolic or lyrical. (174) Breaking the analytical dualism between time and space, between history and geography, Doreen Massey raises a tetra - dimensionality of time and space, since both are necessarily intertwined. The identity and
Mark Jones Student nos;11054409 HS2D025 The Tudor Myth: 1485 to the Present Essay Question: To what extents do screen representations of Elizabeth I reflect modern political and cultural agendas? Answer with reference to at least two films or TV series/episodes. We have been asked to answer the above question and advised on how to do this. The representations of Elizabeth I are many and varied. However the choice that has been made is to cover and contrast two of the maybe more interesting portrayals in the history of film making regarding the Virgin Queen.
The study of transformations reveals why certain texts are valued. Texts from the past have been adapted to contemporary situations to explore how such texts deal with key issues and present new ways of thinking or evaluating society. While the older text may seem dated on the surface, the new text shows how the same values are still relevant in a modern context. ‘Emma’, an early 19thC English novel written by Jane Austen, and ‘Clueless’ a late 20th C American film directed by Amy Heckerling, on the surface look worlds apart, in fact they are 184 years apart, but the inspiration for both came from similar issues. Both texts are essentially about human relationships and their complications.
Compare and contrast the notions of contradiction in these two theories. 2) How does Mead's concept of the self in Symbolic Interaction Theory relate to an understanding of self in Relational Dialectics Theory? 3) Expectancy Violations Theory is primarily concerned with our expectations for other people's behavior, whereas Cognitive Dissonance Theory is concerned with our desire for consistency in attitudes and behavior. Show the relationship between the two theories using expectations, attitudes, and behavior as your overarching principles. 4) Discuss how the principles of Social Penetration Theory (SPT) and Uncertainty Reduction Theory (URT) overlap.
Four centuries later, Al Pacino’s ‘Looking for Richard’ reflects the director’s quest to come to terms with a Shakespearean text in a contemporary context, providing a personal examination of the same Richard’s behaviour, whist simultaneously reflects the post modern era with the absence of divine order and the change in views of conscience. Ultimately, it is through the study of these texts and a comparative study that these texts illuminate our understanding of different contexts and values. Shakespeare depicts Richard’s duplicity through his soliloquies and asides as they reveal his multifaceted and deceptive nature. Richard’s oratory skills, whilst they are revealed to be witty, as he is shown to use intelligent word play, irony and stichomythia, he is ultimately cast as the Machiavellian character from the outset of the play “determined to play a villain”. Richard puts the blame on his appearance for the immoral acts he commits “deformed, unfinished, sent before my time” and uses it as an excuse to be power hungry.
Another contribution by Chinn and Kramer to Carper’s work was the development of a “model that expanded Carper's work by looking at how knowledge is generated, transmitted, and evaluated”. (Zander 2007) The model is compartmentalized into three dimensions with each seeking to address a different aspect; “the creative dimension is concerned with the generation, extension, and modification of knowledge; the expressive dimension provides the means by which the knowledge pattern is exhibited and displayed and the assessment dimension examines the ways of knowing for adequacy of the knowledge pattern by identifying a process context specific to the knowledge generation in each pattern, and establishing a pattern credibility index”. (Zander 2007) To some extent this model will also be referred to when I go on to describe my personal reflection of what nursing is while relating it to
This requires me to use a variety of interpersonal techniques in order to effectively communicate with the many differing groups and organisations we have contact with. Language and Culture: In accordance with the Welsh language act of 1967 consideration must initially be given to the language and cultural background of each individual. Support is therefore provided to meet language and cultural needs. Communication Definitions: ‘Communication involves the reciprocal process in which messages are sent and received between two or more people’ (Bazler Riley, 2008) ‘Communication is something we do in our internal world of thoughts and in our external world by speaking, writing, gestures, drawing, making images and symbols or receiving messages from others’ (Crawford, Brown and Bonham 2006) Below is a general list of people I need to communicate with on a daily, weekly or monthly basis: Residents (service users) Visitors/Family members Social Workers Community Nurses Other Managers Teachers Property Managers Voluntary Organisations Doctors/psychiatrists Other health professionals (i.e. SALT’s) Care Workers What’s Appropriate and beneficial?