Discuss The Difficulties Of Studying Patients Who Do Not Adhere To Medical Advice. (15)

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Discuss the difficulties of studying patients who do not adhere to medical advice. (15) A problem with studying patients, who do not adhere, is which approach to take. Is it their social or cognitive processes or is it caused by biological side effects? Looking at just one approach can help researchers to be specific. However, this is causes them to be reductionist. One of the problems is that everyone is unique. Individual differences cause a big problem because everyone will not adhere to medical advice for the same reasons. They may have certain beliefs or they may believe that taking the medicine may cause side effects. These side effects may affect one person but not another. This would be hard to study as you can not say it is exactly one thing, and then you would have to look at the extraneous variables which affect each problem. However, this could also be good as it is not really being reductionist in its own approach; it is looking at all the possible individual differences. If choosing a different approach, like cognitive, then it would still be difficult because you do not know what the person is thinking. You would have to rely on the patient giving you the information for it not is socially desirable or have demand characteristics. On the other hand, it is better than individual differences as people may have the same thought patterns and processes. You can only obtain this information by self reports, which would probably give both of those issues; social desirability and demand characteristics. These would affect your results and therefore they would not be reliable or valid. If you were using the cognitive approach you would only get qualitative data which could be a problem as not everyone interprets the same answer in the same way. This would be more objective. This would also mean it is not valid as you are measuring why you think
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