Discuss one theoretical explanation of behaviour from the cognitive perspective

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Discuss one theoretical explanation of behaviour from the cognitive perspective: The cognitive perspective is focusing on the human mind, the internal mental processes such as thinking, problem solving, creativity, memory, language and perception. Cognitive psychologists are interested in how the human mind is processing these mental processes and on determining the role that mental processes play in affecting emotions and behavior. According to this, mental illness such as depression accrues from people’s negative beliefs and irrational interpretations of situations. Depression is a serious mental illness which involves the body, mind, mood, and thoughts. The effects of depression are characterized by an intense feeling of sadness, guilt, feeling of worthlessness, difficulties in sleep, drug and alcohol abuse. One theoretical explanation of depression is Ellis’s Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) in which he is focusing on his cognitive ABC model, which he has introduced in the 1950s, as an alternative to the psychoanalysis. Ellis considered that depression arises as the final stage in a three point sequence. According to Ellis’ ABC model, depression does not arise as a direct result of an unpleasant event, but it is produced by the irrational thoughts triggered by unpleasant events. He recommends that people break down their experience into these three areas in order to discover if “distortions” or "irrational beliefs" are present. To ascribe to the ABC model: "A" refers to Activating Event. Activating events are the experiences we encounter. These events are described in objective terms and all views or opinions about the event are not considered. "B" refers to Belief. Here what the event means to an individual is listed. To say it in other words: What do the individual believe to be true about the event "A"? The difference between an activating
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