These biases interrelate and tend to perpetuate someone's depression. He also suggested errors in logic could be a reason for someone to behave abnormally. This concerns the way in which someone sees an event in the past, present or future. Examples of irrational thinking that both Ellis and Beck proposed are catastrophizing (wildly exaggerating the negative aspects of an event), polarized thinking (seeing everything in extreme terms), and overgeneralization (drawing conclusions based on a single event). This approach is supported by Burt et al who asked participants to recall a list of words.
Understand Mental Health problems Learning outcome 1- Know the main forms of Mental health. 1.1 Describe the main types of Mental ill health according to the psychiatric classification system. Mood disorders - These disorders, also called affective disorder, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, mania and bipolar disorder. Personality Disorder - People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school or social relationships.
Explain how a psychodynamic therapist would treat Ellen for her depression and suicidal tendencies. 2. Explain how a behavioral therapist would treat Ellen for her depression and suicidal tendencies. 3. Explain how a cognitive therapist would treat Ellen for her depression and suicidal tendencies.
unit 12 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders. Is the term designating a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in person's mood is hypothesised to be main underlying feature. Personality mood: are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others. Anxiety disorders: Is a feeling of unease, such a worry or fear, which can be mild or severe. Psychotic disorders: are mental illnesses that are characterised by psychotic symptoms, which can generally be described as a loss of contact with reality.
Compare and contrast the existential and cognitive behavioural approaches to understanding and working with fear and sadness. Which one of these two approaches do you feel more drawn to and why. Whilst many people helped shape the early existential psychology movement, Victor Frankel 1905-1997 and Rollo May 1909-1994 are amongst the most renowned. Existential psychotherapy is a philosophical method of therapy that operates on the belief that inner conflict within a person is due to that individual's confrontation with the givens of existence. (Yalom 1980) Existential therapy operates on the belief that inner conflict within a person is due to that individual's perception and fear of the very process of existing and of the inevitability of death .
An additional theoretical explanation is Beck’s (1979) model of depression. In relation to abnormality the cognitive approach emphasizes the role of cognitive processes (belief, thought, perception) in causing psychological disorders. The approach makes several basic assumptions and one of these is the assumption that human behaviour is heavily influenced by schemata, many of these schemata relate to how we see ourselves. The Beck’s cognitive model of depression is heavily influenced by the above assumption and it involves three negative schemata: • Negative view of the self • Negative view of the world • Negative view of the future Beck refers to these as the negative triad and they can be seen in the attributions that depressed individuals make. There are three dimensions • Attributions can be internal or external • Attributions can be specific or global • Finally they can be stable or
It is noted that his excessive worry led him to see his doctor. Tom also has a problem with controlling Psychological Disorders his anxiety level. He has become aware that it is affecting his mood as he is often irritable, cannot concentrate and suffers from insomnia. All of these symptoms lead to the belief that Tom’s diagnosis is that of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Usually the most effective treatment would be the approach that combines psychological and psychopharmacologic approaches.
Explain how mental ill health may be indicated through an individual’s emotions, thinking and behaviour. Unit CMH 302 Understand Mental Health Problems Outcome 2 Know the impact of mental ill health on individuals and others in their social network Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1. Explain how individuals experience discrimination due to misinformation, assumptions and stereotypes about mental ill health. 2. Explain how mental ill health may have
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that assumes negative behaviors and emotions that are caused by faulty thoughts and thinking patterns (Ford-Martin, 1999). CBT helps clients develop new ways of thinking and behaving. (Galanter ,Keller, & Weinberg, 1997). CBT is used quite often to treat substance abuse issues. The approach focuses on maladaptive behaviors (addictive behaviors) by changing what it perceives to be the root cause of them (faulty thinking).
Running Head: FLUOXETINE AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Treatment of Depression in Adolescents: Effectiveness of Combing Fluoxetine and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Elizabeth Bledsoe Truman State University Abstract Adolescents face depression due to many stressors they experience. Symptoms of depression can range from irregular sleep patterns to suicide. Antidepressants are commonly used to treat depression. The most noted antidepressant is fluoxetine, also known as Prozac. Studies have shown that fluoxetine use alone is somewhat effective in treating depression; however, newer treatments need to be found.