It assumes that human problems come from operating on faulty, irrational beliefs. Some of these beliefs are conscious but many are not. Behavior Theory suggests that human actions are the results of what we have learned or been conditioned to do and that when these actions are reinforced consistently, by either reward or punishment, they become the basis of functioning in our lives. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy recognizes that thoughts and behaviors are connected and addresses both in its model. CBT is a problem-solving/task-centered approach which recognizes and challenges illogical and faulty beliefs in an effort to change negative or destructive behavior.
Once this person is able to change his or her perspective, he or she is able to understand why the other person has that specific behavior. In addition, many functional family therapists use reframing in therapy sessions in order to create a positive environment. “Functional family therapists rely heavily on disrupting conflictual family interactions through the use of reframes that introduce positive or nonblaming themes to describe problem behaviors” (Robbins, et al, 1996, p. 3). This can help families learn to be
Abstract An ideal form of the therapeutic process for individual counseling is comprised of techniques and theories taken from the Psychodynamic Approach, Cognitive-Behavioral Approach, Person-Centered Approach and behavior modification techniques that are found in Operant Conditioning. These individual counseling techniques were chosen based on how effective and relevant to the client, they were deemed to be. Techniques taken from the psychodynamic approach is to allow the client to become conscious of all unconscious or subconscious concerns through the use of transference and working alliance. Techniques taken from the cognitive-behavioral approach is to help the client identify any irrational beliefs and thinking that is the cause of the client’s emotional disturbance. In the person centered approach, the therapy focuses on an important human characteristic - the client’s natural ability for growth and development, through the use of self actualization.
What is ‘Attributional’ therapy in your own words (5) 1 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a form of psychotherapy developed from a combination of cognitive therapy and behavioural therapy. The aim of CBT is to change unhealthy/faulty thinking and behaviours. The approach is based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and the resulting behaviours rather than external events. By identifying and challenging unhealthy or faulty thinking patterns and beliefs the thinking patterns can be replaced by more rational and healthy alternatives. 2 CBT can be used with many different problem areas including depression, anxiety, anger and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).
Cognitive therapies aim to identify, challenge and modify dysfunctional beliefs. Firstly, the therapy tackles obsessions, the therapist questions how patients interpret their beliefs, including why they think they are true and why they think their obsessions developed. These beliefs are then challenged and reinterpreted so the patient never has any activity that causes them anxiety. Then the therapist questions the patient’s value of their compulsion and will help them prove that their belief is false and this in turn helps control the
Treatments utilized by counseling professionals such as CBT allows clients to be aware of various events causing their life’s spiral; uninterested clients with court-ordered treatment must make a valid decision for their success while rationalizing personal biases of treatment. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Positive and negative influences burden clients so much that they compromise themselves through careless and difficult situations. According to Kendra Cherry (2011), “Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients to understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors.” CBT assist clients by emphasizing their focus towards channeling energy to connecting dilemmas. Utilizing this rationalization of theories creates awareness for clients to identify relationships between treatment and coping with disorders. Once treatment surfaces awareness aids in the process of preventing relapses, clients not interested in receiving court-ordered treatment CBT provides them with tools to make valid decisions.
Behavioural Therapy is the name given to a group of Therapeutic techniques based on the principles of Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning. Behavioural therapies have many characteristics which distinguish them from other types of therapies, such as they are short term therapies and target the symptoms of a disorder rather than the problem or reason which created that beahviour. Also, it is the therapist who establishes the treatment plan. Systematic Desensitisation is a therapy used to treat phobic disorders, where the sufferer is aware that their phobia is excessive and interferes with their daily life. Systematic Desensitisation is based on the principle of Classical Conditioning and uses Counterconditioning.
Evaluate the extent to which Freud's theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client's presenting issue? In psychodynamic counselling the clients need or desire to relate their past experience's to their current presenting issues is very beneficial, and is seen as a step towards changing their current situation, by linking the past with the present situation helps the client to relieve themselves of any baggage that they may have been carrying around with them. Psychodynamic counselling aims to map out the client's past to present creating a mutual understanding between the client and therapist. During this process it is essential that the therapist uses the correct treatment, often diagnosed during sessions leading on from the initial consultation in the 'mid game' of therapy, second session onwards until a desired goal is achieved. It is vital that the therapist listens carefully and uses their intuition in order to pick up on what is mentioned and indeed also what is not mentioned noticing in particular moods and body changes in the client as they recall their past experiences sometimes a client will avoid talking about the very reason for their presenting problem for example they may talk openly about their mother but not mention their father at all and he may or may not be the problem.
The systemic perspective views the problems of the individual in relation to the different contexts in which people live. It looks at their part in the family – child, sibling, parent, spouse etc. whilst also taking into account their status outside the family. Systemic practice regards the context in which the individual lives as being vital to their psychological growth and emotional well-being. The goals of the therapy are to explore why the client/family are in need of the therapy, how family patterns maintain and facilitate the problem, what members bring from the past that continues to feed into the problem and finally to reassess the problem and suggest alternative options (Corey, 2005).
• Social Cognitive Therapy According to Sue et al (1997:350) this form of therapy makes use of a psychodynamic styled approach in treating an individual’s depressive state by working on their social skills with others. In achieving this, the methods used in other styles of treatment, such as mental-habitual remedial treatment, are applied. The rationale associated in this type of treatment is that depressive states of mind take place as a result of social situations, in which the need to deal with certain conflictions and problems need be sorted out amicably. At this level the individual is provided with an internal look at what the conflicts are and how they need be resolved. This is done by teaching the clientele how to establish issues