Determinate Sentencing Essay

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Sentencing There are five philosophical reasons for sentencing criminals. They are retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and restoration. Retribution is a penalty imposed for a crime that is designed to provide some form of compensation to a victim while also penalizing the offender. It can also potentially send a warning to people considering similar crimes. Acting as a deterrence to future criminal activity by alerting members of society to the fact that if they commit crimes then they can face a similar punishment. The concept of responding to crimes with retribution is ancient. As it is stated in the bible and is also how the punishment is known is “an eye for an eye”. Believing that the punishment had to be equivalent…show more content…
To name a few there is Indeterminate sentencing which is the legal philosophy that the appropriate period of sentencing for a crime is to hold the offender for as long as is appropriate to protect the community from an offender. An indeterminate sentencing philosophy holds that the prisoner should only be released from jail when their behavior has changed sufficiently that the individual who is being incarcerated no longer poses a threat. Structured sentencing is a form of criminal punishment that includes determinate and commission-created presumptive sentencing schemes as well as voluntary advisory sentencing guidelines. Determinate sentencing is a model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed amount of time to be imprisoned that can be reduced by good behavior or added time for bad behavior. Presumptive sentence is a sentence that exists in many states by statute. It specifies an appropriate sentence for each offense to be used as a baseline for a judge when meting out a punishment. The statutory presumptive sentence is considered along with other relevant factors, aggravating or mitigating circumstances. in determining the actual sentence. Most states have statutory "presumptive guidelines" for major or common offenses. A mandatory sentence is a court decision setting where judicial discretion is limited by law. Typically, people convicted of certain crimes must be punished with at least a minimum number of years in

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