That is why they were put into effect, because anyone that doesn’t obey them is punished to the full extent of the law. Though there are several more ways to sentence a criminal, only three of them will be talked about throughout this paper. The first is deterrence. Deterrence shows people that criminal acts are not okay and should not be committed. Deterrence also helps to prevent crime in two ways.
People don’t just end up in prison, in order to be incarcerated a person needs to be accused of a crime. Then they are booked, put on trial and convicted by a jury. Once this process is finished the criminal will be given a sentence that is to be carried out in prison. Over the years, the lives inmates have led in prisons have changed drastically. Prisons haven’t always been what we see today.
Jails tend to be considered the lowest security confinement. Jails play a bigger role in the criminal justice system than most people think. A prison does not come in to play until after an offender is sentenced. However, the jail will be used throughout the whole criminal justice process up to sentencing and sometimes after sentencing. Jails are used in the beginning of the criminal justice process to house suspects that are arrested for crimes.
The construct of jail as a complete establishment is to possess authorities the lifetime of the inmates controlled by the authorities. If the authorities weren’t up to the mark then the full jail system would be pointless. Jails play a giant role in our criminal justice system as a result of it helps keep our prisons from being over crowed. Our criminal justice system uses prisons for temporary basis. we have a tendency to use community based mostly corrections programs related to jails and jails to conjointly keep our prison and jails from overcrowding.
Mandatory minimum sentences, a valuable weapon in the war on drugs or a handcuff on judicial discretion? Mandatory minimum sentences are sentences that are imposed on drug offenders who are supposed to be considered “king pins” in the drug world. Often defendants who are imposed these harsh sentences have little or no involvement in the sell or preparation of the drugs; and at times are just guilty by association. The law to crack down on drug offenders seems to be harsher than on individuals who have been convicted of murder, rape, and many other crimes; and individuals who have no real knowledge face harsher sentences than the individuals directly involved. In cases handled by the federal government if you have no information to provide to authorities, you are given harsher sentences, because you didn’t cooperate with the government.
most sentences issued are custodial sentences that are spent in Her Majesty’s Prison service. An order is an instruction given by a court that the individual must follow, this could be an ASBO, and this is an Anti-social behaviour order that can be placed on an individual if they have been anti-social in the area. Parliament make laws too tackle crime and disorder in local areas, some of the acts include. • Anti-social behaviour act 2003 • Crime and disorder act 1998 • Police reform act 2002 • Criminal justice act 2003 • Public order act 1986 Crime and disorder act 1998 The crime and disorder act 1998 allows for police to deal with a variety of types of crime, all of which are related to anti-social behaviour on the streets. It allows for orders and punishments to be placed on an individual.
95%of criminal offences are tried and dealt with in magistrates’ court. It also has the criminal jurisdiction to issue search and arrest warrants, decide on bail applications and sending trials to crown court where they will be tried before a judge and jury. The magistrates’ court has limited powers in passing judgement, which is a maximum of £5000 in fines, six months in prison or twelve months for concurrent offences. The magistrates are not legally qualified but are trained and made up of three people. They are not paid except for expenses but in some towns the magistrates’ court can be conducted by a full time, paid, legally qualified magistrate called district judge.
Penalties range from a bond to a maximum gaol sentence of 3 years. A prosecution for a summary offence must generally commence within 6 months. There are also indictable offences that a magistrate can deal with summarily, with the consent of the accused person. Examples of ‘summary-indictable’ offences are break-and-enter, steal, motor vehicle theft and malicious wounding. Indictable offences are the more serious crimes such as murder, armed robbery, sexual assault, drug trafficking and arson.
“Prison is defined as a state or federal confinement facility that has custodial authority over adults sentenced to confinement” (Schmalleger, 2009). After a person is arrested what facility could they be housed in? What are their chances of parole and what conditions must they keep? What chances do they have of running into violence and how can it be prevented? This paper will discuss four different types of prisons, the concept of prison as a total institution, it explains how jails play an important role in criminal justice, identifies some community based programs associated with jails and prisons, some violent behaviors of inmates and how they can be minimized, the concept of parole and the conditions that must be met, and the meaning of truth in sentencing.
Running head: The Purpose and History of Jails and Prisons The Purpose and History of prisons and jails Jails are always overlooked, but they play a very important role in our justice system. The jail is the oldest of all the correctional components. The jails have several difficult missions and roles to play in our justice system. Jails hold approximately one-tenth of all offenders under correctional custody. “Jails hold a variety of offenders (those who have been arrested, have been detained pending trial, have been sentenced to short terms of confinement for minor crimes, are awaiting transfer to another facility, and are being held administratively for a criminal justice agency).