Sentencing: Deterrence, Retribution And Rehabilitation

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Sentencing Paper Billy Kinkade University of Phoenix CJA/234 Christine Cavalin 08/05/2011 Sentencing Paper According to Lawlink, deterrence, retribution and rehabilitation are the primary objectives of sentencing in the US penal system (2003). Deterrence refers to the need to deter prospective criminals from committing crimes in the first place. The extents to which severe punishments such as the death penalty deter criminals are hotly debated by criminologists. However, more widely accepted is the notion that punishing tempting crimes of circumstances such as insider trading, can be effective in deterring crime. If the costs of the crime to the likely criminal are incredibly small, he or she will take the chance of getting caught. Another example of the value of deterrence is seen in environmental legislation or federal safety standards. A…show more content…
The philosophy of retribution is that of an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. In other words, that to cause a crime violates the social contract and a criminal must pay his or her debt to society by being punished. This principle suggests that a crime against one individual is a crime against all citizens. According to Lawlink, retribution is the theory that the guilty should endure the punishment which they entirely deserve. Denunciation then again, involves the imposition of a sentence which is in fact severe with regards to make a statement, which the crime in question is not to be tolerated by the community (2003). It may be debated which in fact denunciation is one aspect of retribution, sometimes is referred to as expressive retribution that is the theory which punishment in proportion to deserts is a way of expressing the community’s degree of reprobation for the

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