SciTronics’ profit as a percentage of sales in 2008 was 5.7 %. 2. This represented an increase from 3.4 % in 2005. 3. SciTronics had a total of $ 102,000 (75,000 + 27,000) of capital at year-end 2008 and earned before interest but after taxes (EBIAT) $ 16,120 (avg.
Another change that has happened in childbearing since the 1970's is that women are having fewer children and children later in life. Between 1971 and 2005 the average age of a women when having her first child rose by three years. Also the average number of children per family went all the way down to 1.84 in the UK when 30 years back it was 2.95. Women are also choosing to remain childless and a prediction has been made that a quarter of people who were born in 1973 will be childless when they reach 45. This all reflects the changes in society since the 20th century and that women have more options
More children are born in Britain today outside of marriage than in most other European countries. This has been linked to many explanations such as; poor education in sexual health and the lack of knowlege on different types of contraceptives. Nearly a quarter of children lived with only one parent (25%) last year and nine out of ten of these households were headed by mothers. Dennis and Erdos believe that is is down to most families being fatherless, meaning they automatically have poor health and lower educational attainment, however this is only one theory. Another main reason is the simple fact people are marrying later for many reasons, more because of the change in attitudes towards education and religion (seclurisation).
The average period of being a lone parent is around five years (Ben Wilson et al 2010). In the Britain today, as in most Western countries, the last century has seen a change in views on sexuality, marriage and childbearing, as well as the a more liberal view to divorce, a general rise in divorce rates, an increase in rates of cohabitation and births outside marriage, and an increase in the proportion of lone mother families (Duncan and Phillips, 2008; Office for National Statistics, 2009) In 20011 the number of opposite sex cohabiting couples in the U.K was 2.9 million compared with 2.1 million in 2001, the number of married or civil partner couples reduced from 12.3 million to 12.1 million. Lone parents with dependent children were 1.96 million in 2011
Carolyn Davis BU204 Assignment 3 November 6 2012 Unit 3 Assignment Question: The small town of Middling experiences a sudden doubling of the birth rate. After 3 years, the birth rate returns to normal. Use the graphs for each question, adding any arrows or other indicators that you feel are necessary, to illustrate the effect of these events on the following. 1. What is the effect on the market for an hour of babysitting services in Middling today, during this increased birthrate?
By 1945 80 percent of collective farm workers were women, providing a more traditional role for women in manual labour. The rapid growth of industrialisation and collectivisation led to a dramatic decrease in births in the early 1930’s. The government tried to implement measures to bring the birth rate back up. Women who had more than 6 children qualified for state help. The rewards were considerable amounts of money, women with 7 children received 2,000 roubles a year for five years and 5,000 a year for women with 11 children.
As of 2010, with the total population of the United States at 310.2 million individuals, White Non-Hispanic Americans are 64.7 percent of the United States population. While the second largest racial group in America is Hispanics with 16 percent of the population. According to the trends, the population is estimated to be at about 439 million in the year 2050. That's quite a rise in the population in the next 40 years (129 million) and who knows the impact it will have on our economy and job availability. It is also estimated that White Non-Hispanic Americans will be less than half the population at this point with 46.3 percent of the population being that race.
HR400: Employment and Staffing | Employment and Staffing | Unit 1 Project | | Amy Johnson | 8/7/2012 | | According to United States of Department of Labor, over the next decade there will be some important changes to the demographic trends within the workforce. With a combination of the ups and downs of birthrates over the past 70 years and immigrates making up a sizable part of the population growth. One the biggest swifts are with the job market is the decline in the share of prime-age workers. The prime age group is considered 25-54 years old. Within this age group, we have more turning 55 then 25 coming up to this group.
Over the last century, there has been a decline in premature deaths throughout developed countries (Alder et al, 2009). Life expectancy has grown in the United Kingdom from 45 for females and 49 for males In 1901 and in more recent times to 75 years for male and 80 years for female in 1999 (Hicks and Ellen;1999). Not everywhere is experiencing longevity of life the average life expectancy in Zimbabwe is 35.5 (Stibich, 2009).The ONS (2009) have suggested that males and females in the UK could expect to live to 77.44 and 81.65 years respectively. The same report also highlighted the gap between the genders after surviving to 65 years. This is illustrated in the diagram below.