Do you agree with the view that, in terms of employment opportunities, women did not gain ‘any significant advantage from their wartime experience’? Many women, especially shorthand typists and munitions workers, earned for more than before the war and gained greater economic independence. Many women worked away from home were they experienced a sense of liberation from their restricted home lives. Trade unions initially opposed the dilution of labour but eventually recruited many more women. 350,000 women were in unions in 1914, but 600,000 by 1918.
A large number of women homemakers moved into the work force. The war placed an unprecedented drain on the financial resources of Canada. By 1915, military spending alone equalled the entire government expenditure of 1913. In 1918, the federal government’s war outlay was more than $2.5 million a day. As a result, the government’s budget deficit rose from 10% of gross national product (GNP) in 1913 to around 15% during the war, when both the deficit and
During the 1970’s, divorce rates had double (and the number of divorces tripled from 400,000 in 1962 to 1.2 million in 1981) (Ministries). This was due to the baby booming generation. While older couples still lived by the tradition they were brought up in. Age plays a huge facto in divorce. According to Divorce Rate, “between the ages of 20 to 29 the divorce rate is greater than couples 30 and older.” Some statistics say at least 66 percent of younger couples end up divorced because of childless issues.
More than 310,000 women worked in the U.S. aircraft industry in 1943, representing 65 percent of the industry’s total workforce (compared to just 1 percent in the pre-war years). The munitions industry also heavily recruited women workers, as represented by the U.S. government’s “Rosie the Riveter” propaganda campaign. Based in small part on a real-life munitions worker, but primarily a fictitious character, the strong, bandanna-clad Rosie became one of the most successful recruitment tools in American history, and the most iconic image of working women during World War II. In movies, newspapers, posters, photographs, articles and even a Norman Rockwell-painted Saturday Evening Post cover, the Rosie the Riveter campaign stressed the patriotic need for women to enter the work force—and they did, in huge numbers. Though women were crucial to the war effort, their pay continued to lag far behind their male counterparts: Female workers rarely earned more than 50 percent of male
Esther Oh Mr young US history / p2 10 april 2012 ch 47 the NFWA merged with another group to become the United farm workers author Betty Friedan exposed the unhappiness of many middle-class women in her bookThe Feminine Mystique. In 1965, they made only about 60 cents for every dollar men earned. Even women in higher positions were paid less than male colleagues The invisible barrier to women’s professional advancement has been called the glass ceiling. This term has also been applied to minorities. The first, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, outlawed “wage differentials based on sex” in industries that produced goods for commerce.
According to numbers of the National Park Service, by late 1941, 14 million women constituted one quarter of the nation's workforce. The Second World War was a pivotal event for women's establishment as an equal part of the workforce. Men entered military service, leaving a high number of jobs vacant which women had to cover. By the end of the war, the number of employed women had risen to 18 million, one third of the total workforce Contribution to War Effort Direct involvement of women in military operations in the European and East Asian theatre of the war was limited. However, the nation's female population played a decisive role in wartime production, ensuring the smooth transition to a war economy.
It is believed that there are tens of thousands anchor babies born to immigrants every year (Galewitz, 2013). FAIR feel that these women giving birth in the United States may think that it will help them gain legal status due to the infant being a citizen. The director for FAIR feels that the focus in saving this money is to prevent illegal immigration from happening in the first place. Information collected from seven states believed to have the highest illegal immigrants show that emergency services are delivered to more than 100,000 people a year (Galewitz 2013). Out of the $2 billion a year for emergency Medicaid California receives about half of this amount.
Although physical damages came to a total of seventy five billion dollars, the total cost including economical impact between Lousianna and Missippi came to a grand, and whopping total of one hundred and ten billion dollars.The Government Accountability Office pledged 20.5 billion dollars to small businesses. Small disadvantage businesses recieved around eight hundred and four million dollars, while women-owned small businesses recieved three hundred and eighty one million dollars, and veteran-owned small bussinesses only collected two hundred and seventy million dollars. Every cent was put toward rebuilding their bussinesses from the ground up. If it weren't for the help of some foreign friends rebuild might not have been as possible. Countries across the waters pledged monetary donations and other forms of assistance to affected areas in crisis.
About 80% of female Baby Boomers worked which was also a contribution to the two income family. The higher percentage of two income families contributes to the simulation of the economy from purchases. Based on the financial planning literature provided by, The Social Security Bulletin (2003/2004), a fifty percent replacement rate represents a shortfall that could create economic challenges and necessitate lifestyle adjustments. The fifty percent replacement will not only have an effect on benefits but also the simulation of the economy. A little over a third of the current retirees but over two-fifths of near term and Baby Boomer retirees will replace less the three-quarters of their preretirement income.
“Although African-Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians make up nearly 25% of the United States population, only 9% of nurses belong to these ethnic groups,”(Mee). “The Council on Physician and Nurse Supply (March, 2008) determined that 3000 additional nurses must be graduated annually to meet the nation's health care needs, an expansion of 30 percent over the current number of annual nurse graduates. According to projections from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (November, 2007) more than one million new and replacement nurses will be needed