1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is the term used to describe a group of symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by certain diseases and conditions. Symptoms are progressive and degenerative and as more brain cell get damaged or die, a gradual loss of memory and decline in other intellectual functions which affects a person’s ability to remember, make rational judgments or communicate and is serious enough to interfere with performing the tasks of daily life. There are many different types of dementia, both inherited and non-inherited forms, with Alzheimer’s disease and Vascular dementia the most commonly diagnosed type. Dementia can occur to anyone at any age from damage to the cardiovascular system or a family history of Alzheimer’s disease, although it is most commonly associated with aging.
Answer: The hippocampus this is the main area affected by Dementia it is responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions. The ooccipital lobe which is responsible for processing information related to vision, the Cerebrum lobe which is the biggest part of the brain and its role is memory, attention, thought, and our senses and movement. The frontal lobe this is responsible for decision making problem solving, controlling behaviour and emotions. The parietal lobe, responsible for sensory information from the body also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness. The temporal lobe which is responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning is affected.
Unit 4222-237 Dementia Awareness Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is: 1.1 What is meant by the term ‘dementia’: The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. These include Alzheimer's disease and sometimes as a result of a stroke. 1.2 The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia : Dementia is a condition of the brain which causes a gradual loss of mental ability, including problems with memory, understanding, judgement, thinking and language. In addition, other problems commonly develop such as changes in personality and changes in the way someone interacts with others in social situations. As dementia progresses, the ability of someone to look after themselves from day to day may also become affected.
A) The key functions that are affected by dementia are vision, memory, hearing, language and learning, which the temporal lobe (bottom left front lobe of the brain) is responsible for. Decision making, problem solving, control of behaviour and emotions, which the frontal lobe (front lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Sensory information form the body, letter forming, putting things in order and spatial awareness, which the parietal lobe (middle top lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Processing information related to vision, which the occipital lobe (back lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Memory, attention, thought, senses and movement, which the cerebellum lobe (right at the bottom of the brain next to the brain stem) is responsible for, can also be affected.
Frontal lobe; - responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour. Parietal lobe: - responsible for sensory information from the body. Occipital lobe: - responsible for processing information related to vision. Cerebrum lobe: - this is the biggest part of the brain its role is memory, attention, thought and our consciousness, senses and movement. Hippocampus: - responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing, emotions.
Created using Notebooks by Droid-Veda LLP Holly Hughes Aug-22-2015 Unit 13 - dementia awareness 1.1 The term dementia is a choice or a chronic or persistant disorder of the mental processes caused by brain damage or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes amd impaired reasoning. 1.2 The key functions of the brain the are affected by dementia are; frontal lobe, cerebrum lobe, pariental lobe, temporal lobe and the hippocampus 1.3 Depression, deliruim and age related memory impairments are all the syptoms of dementia and this may be why people mistake these symptoms as dementia. 2.1 The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on finding a cure 2.2 The social model is personal centered, focusing on individual rights, promoting independance, giving choice and abilities. 2.3 Dementia should be viewed as a disability because people who have dementia can easily forget important things such as eating, taking medication, things that are basic to survial. They might not remeber who they are or were they are without support or care.
It has to do with deferent symptoms ,and every person react in deferent ways. | | | |There are many types of dementia but the symptoms are similar. | |Most of the people is known as Alzheimer. | | | |Dementia symptoms are : loss of memory , problem to communication . | | | | | |
Dementia Awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. A chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum lobe and the hippocampus. 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia.
Task 3 3.1 The most common causes of dementia are Alzheimer's disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, Stroke, Picks disease, Degenerative Diseases. 3.2 The signs and symptoms of the most common causes of dementia are memory loss, impaired judgement, depression, communication limitations, Difficulties with abstract thinking, Faulty reasoning, Inappropriate behaviour, Disorientation to time and place, Gait, motor, and balance problems. Neglect of personal care and safety, Hallucinations, paranoia and agitation. 3.3 Risk factors? 3.4 Prevalence rates?
UNIT 4222-365 UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS AND EXPERIENCE OF DEMENTIA Outcome 1. Understand the neurology of dementia 1. Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Alzheimer’s disease; Vascular dementia; Pick’s disease; Dementia with Lewy bodies (Fronto-Temporal); Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD); Huntington’s disease Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Dementia is a word for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease.