Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

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UNIT 4222-365 UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS AND EXPERIENCE OF DEMENTIA Outcome 1. Understand the neurology of dementia 1. Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Alzheimer’s disease; Vascular dementia; Pick’s disease; Dementia with Lewy bodies (Fronto-Temporal); Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD); Huntington’s disease Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Dementia is a word for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease. People with dementia may not be able to think well enough to do normal activities, such as getting dressed or eating. They may lose their ability to solve problems or control their emotions. Their personalities may change. They may become agitated or see things that are not there. While symptoms of dementia can vary greatly, at least two of the following core mental functions must be significantly impaired to be considered dementia: Memory * Communication and language * Ability to focus and pay attention * Reasoning and judgment * Visual perception People with dementia may have problems with short-term memory, keeping track of a purse or wallet, paying bills, planning and preparing meals, remembering appointments or travelling out of the neighbourhood. Many dementias are progressive, meaning symptoms start out slowly and gradually get worse. If you or a loved one is experiencing memory difficulties or other changes in thinking skills, don't ignore them. See a doctor soon to determine the cause. Professional evaluation may detect a treatable condition. And even if symptoms suggest dementia, early diagnosis allows a person to get the maximum benefit from available treatments and provides an opportunity to volunteer for clinical trials or studies. It also provides time to plan for the future. 2. Describe the

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