Dem 201 Essay

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Unit Dem 201 1.1 Dementia is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Dementia is a chronic progressive problem of cognition which is failure of the brains functions. Dementia affects different parts of the brain and at different speeds. 1.2 The key functions that are affected by dementia are: Temporal lobe: - responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing, and learning. Frontal lobe; - responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour. Parietal lobe: - responsible for sensory information from the body. Occipital lobe: - responsible for processing information related to vision. Cerebrum lobe: - this is the biggest part of the brain its role is memory, attention, thought and our consciousness, senses and movement. Hippocampus: - responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing, emotions. 1.3 Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia because the symptoms for these illnesses are very similar to the symptoms with dementia. It is very hard to make a diagnosis of dementia in the early stages due to their being so many other illnesses with the same symptoms. 2.1 The medical model relates to clinical approach. Focusing on the impairment as the problem and will focus on cure. Focusing on how the changes occur within the brain, managing the condition with medication. 2.2 The social model is about the person. Focusing on the rights of the individual. By learning about each person with dementia as an individual, with his or her own history and background, care and support can be designed to be more appropriate to individual needs. 2.3 People who have dementia are not aware of requirements for living. They forget to do the essential things that are vital. Taking medicines, hygiene, eating est. are often

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