De Stijl To Peter Behrens And Aeg

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I have chosen to compare Schroeder house by Gerrit Retvield from De Stijl to AEG High Voltage Factory by Peter Behrens. One is a huge factory, an assembly plant for transformers and other equipment for high voltage transmission, the other is a small house not only in comparison to the factory, but to other family houses as well, nevertheless both of them have some similar properties. To begin with, The Schroeder House, although the first built example of De Stijl architecture, proved to be the most successful one in terms of uniting all ideals of the stile in a single building. It has a rather simple visible structure and design (at least from the first glance to the house it appears simplistic and cubic in form) but, although this is true, the house is highly complex and a very well thought out piece of architecture. It consists of differently sized horizontal and vertical planes, put together in ingenious way, which represent modern De Stijl artists’ approach to constructing an ideal new world’s architecture. The separating out and combining elements into new and unusual configurations was a crucial part of the formal vocabulary of De Stijl. Correspondingly The High Voltage factory viewed from southeast gives the same deceptive first impression as Rietveld’s Shroeder house. It looks as if it is rather disappointing monument for industrialization, just a massive rectangular block. Despite that, it has rather intriguing façade. At both east and west ends the main halls terminate in greatly simplified temple fronts in hard steel-blue bricks. However, by far the strongest impression is made by the multistoried parts with their repetitive bays and prominent access towers. The repetitive bays of the first four floors are slightly recessed within a flat brick colonnade. The doubled mullions above give the effect of a frieze which emphasizes classical syntax even
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