Ancient Greek Architecture

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Ancient Greek architecture is a product of the Hellenic and the Hellenistic people. Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, most of which are found in the region as ruins. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics, both of structure and decoration, particularly in the temples. Most often these temples are raised on the high grounds so that the beauty of the well illuminated structure can be enjoyed from a good distance away in all angles. Although limestone was available the building material primarily used was stone, especially high quality marble. There was an abundance of marble both on the main lands and the islands of Greece. Marble was a major contributor of precision of details in the architecture of the ancient Greek. The ancient Greeks developed temple architecture over time. The rectangular temple, like the Parthenon, is the most well-known form of Greek public architecture. They used “post and lintel” type construction, which is composed of vertical and horizontal beams. The vertical members are called posts and the horizontal members are called lintels. Greek architecture uses three orders the Doric, Ionic and the Corinthian orders. The three orders of columns used so deliberately on different temples and structures depending on who the temple was being built for. The columns had grooves in it because it gave the columns more visual volume than that of a plain one. The Ionic pillars at the Erechtheion were sculpted with women on them for decoration. The Parthenon is the temple to the goddess Athena on the acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon is probably the most well-known of all Greek temples and took more than a hundred years to be constructed. The Parthenon has a preference for banked effect and the dramatic use of staircases, which according to Kostof displays one of the central
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