This decreased the income of money going into the government which was used for military and other government worthy things. The result of that led to higher taxation on citizens which made the people of Rome upset and ended up having less money to buy necessities and other things to keep the economy rolling. Another important reason was the abundance of slaves in Rome. The large quantity of slaves help lead to the growth of latifundia which is large land estates, consisting mostly of slaves for farming. This ruined the farmers of Rome which in result, they drifted to cities that helped add more unemployment to the cities.
The Industrial Revolution caused urbanization to develop abruptly. The growing industrialized cities drew the poor for employment, but did not have the means to support the mass surge in population. Inhabitants were faced with water, sewage, and garbage disposal problems leaving unsanitary living conditions amongst themselves. Housing was dangerous due to poor construction, dark rooms, and hazardous conditions. Often family’s cohabitated in one room.
Companies fought the government and the courts for the right to become incorporated and to reap its many benefits. Capitalism has adapted in order to continue making profits. Capitalism was the primary reason for the shift from Fordism to Post-Fordism, as Post-Fordism was a more efficient model of production meaning greater profits. Capitalism requires ever expanding markets and constantly evolving methods of production, lest it cease to exist (Marx & Engels, 1848). In order to achieve this a production revolution of sorts took place in many advanced economies, countries shifted from Fordism to Post-Fordism.
Although if people with such power are unable to maintain control, their society usually collapses and resolves in chaos. As for Rome, emperors were often selected by violence or by birth, so the head of government was not always capable and eventually it came to the point where it was too large to govern effectively. This caused people to retreat to rural areas, Civil wars between political groups, there were corruption in the military, prices increased, trade decreased. The empire was quickly reducing allowing the Huns, Visigoths, Franks, Vandals, Saxons and other barbarian tribes to take control over the empire. Social factors involve people’s beliefs and the way they set up their behaviours.
Evaluate the success or otherwise of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes and consequences of urban decline (40 marks) Urban decline is caused by many factors including the development of the suburbs, leading to migration of the upper and middle class workers but is mostly effected by de-industrialisation, resulting in big corporations leaving the region, taking skilled workers and trade with them and causing large scale unemployment. This can cause an even bigger spiral of decline as low income levels mean people can’t afford high quality housing, education or health and then investment into the area starts to leave which leaves the infrastructure to crumble and social standards start to slip. Therefore, to help encourage development in these areas, the government and the people often create schemes to help regenerate the area. One cause of urban decline is the emigration of workers out of an area usually into the suburbs in a search for a nicer environment and better quality of living. This can often lead to the abandonment of buildings which soon become overgrown and derelict.
The USA had mass immigration from1890 onwards and this had an impact on America in multiple ways. There were both positive and negative impacts of the mass immigration. One of the impacts of immigration was that there was a lot of social tension this is because a lot of the immigrants were staying in the big cities. This meant that there was not room for everyone to live comfortably in the same environment, due to this some of the immigrants created ghettos as there were not enough places for them to stay. This also caused the immigrants to stay with their own social group and culture which then caused gangs to form and this lead to gang warfare, this was apparent in big cities such as New York.
This caused the people to flock to America and seek new job opportunities. Another reason was over-population in the cities. The overcrowding of tens and thousands of people in one town in filthy conditions caused a book of problems. The bubonic plague was one, which brought one example of many economic declines, in the production of food and imports and widespread of malnutrition. Other problems included higher prices, lower purchasing power, and years of poor harvest.
With these improvements comes the fact that our prisons are too small for the amount of people that are being put in jail, this includes county, state, as well as federal. We can also blame our overpopulation on the fact that crime rates fluctuate such as what we are seeing in our country now. With a bad economy comes more crime, people get desperate in times of need and will do whatever it takes to put food on the table or pay the bills to have a roof over their heads. Another negative aspect of overpopulating our prison system is the fact that the tax payer gets stuck with the larger bills to house these inmates. Overcrowding of our prisons is a bad situation that will continue to get worse unless our government figures out a solution.
Critical Issues The obvious problems that exist in BTC include staffing and decline in sales. Staffing has become a strenuous issue in the company, since there are many locations that have physical store buildings built but are sitting unstaffed. This problem not only involves in having a high labour demand, but extends to hiring the right employees that meet their standards – which increases the difficulty to meet the labour supply. In addition to that, the company has a high turnover rate due to the constant change in compensation, which consequently results in sales decline in the organization. To summarize, the critical issues with BTC are the following: - High Labour demand - Low Labour (that meets the standard) supply - High turnover rate - Sales decline Analysis Recruitment Staffing the stores, as stated by Nkere Udofia, the vice-chairman of Montreal BTG, is BTG’s most challenging issue.
The industrial revolution is believed to have furthered the evolution of democratic institutions. During this time in both England and America you can see the sudden growth that was brought about through industrialization especially on the forefront of democracy. Economic development usually shifts the distribution of wealth and education within a society and these changes can result in new political alignments. By exploring these forces you see how one was just as important to the other and how the changes brought about during these times still affect us today. In both Europe and America industrialization brought about similar changes that included:  Increase of production  Increased labor force  Accelerated technological advances  Expanded trade markets  Population growth  Labor issues All of these changes are still evident in our world today as will be demonstrated in this paper.