Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
However, Sun Yatsen was not in the country at the time the revolution started, implying that the Qing would’ve fallen anyway. An influential character of the revolution was Sun Yatsen, the leader of the tongmenghui. Sun was a nationalist revolutionary who believed that the only way China could refrain from being a backwards country was to adopt western ways in agriculture, industry and become a republic. Sun was educated abroad as a doctor in Hong Kong where he experienced the lifestyle of those who lived in the Western Society. However, by the time of his graduation, Sun believed that whilst the Manchu dynasty still existed, China would remain corrupt and backwards.
In order to retain complete control over Mesopotamia the king decided that a universal law was needed. Legalism is the alternative philosophy to Confucianism rooted on the ideas of Han Fei, a Chinese man who lived during the Zhou dynasty around 280 to 233 B.C.E. Han Fei. As a young man, he was raised on the ideas of Confucianism but later formed opposing ideas primarily pertaining to human nature and government. During this time period, Chinese states were at war for control over the Zhou Dynasty, this led to Han Fei raising questions whether or not complying with Confucian ideals that state proper behavior could create a stable and peaceful society (Han, 1939).
These Chinese explorations were really helpful, but also really expensive because of the large timber ships that they built. The government put a policy shift against voyages, and put a greater focus on domestic matters. The Members of the Ming Court advocated a greater focus on domestic and continental matters, emphasizing agricultural production, internal stability, a military buildup and colonization at the edges of the Central Asian steppe, and refurbishment of the Great Wall, designed to repel invaders (DOC 3, 4). Even though China had earlier technological innovations than Europe did (DOC 2) Europe still succeeded because China was governed by ignorant
The Han emperor initially settled for the Vietnam’s ruler’s admission of his vassal status and periodic payments of tribute. But later on, they thought it was best to conquer the feisty Vietnamese outright and to govern them directly using Chinese officials. This is what led to the influences of China into Vietnam as their conflict began. The Vietnamese decided to co-operate with heir northern neighbors so that they could provide a great deal of knowledge for them. 5) Funan collapsed slowly during the 6th century C.E.
Art and China’s Cultural Revolution Traditional Chinese art has always been a major aspect of Chinese history. However, shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Mao Zedong declared that art should serve the people. In the three decades following the establishment of China’s Communist party art and China’s Revolution undergone one of the most disastrous and tumultuous eras in modern Chinese history. During this time, the Mao Zedong led government sought to modernize all aspects of Chinese society, a process that included suppressing or destroying much of traditional culture. The government also wanted to produce a new visual culture to communicate its philosophy and objectives to the people of China.
In addition, the other being from 770 B.C. to 221 B.C., which is known as the Eastern Zhou Dynasty at the time. The Zhou had a very big part in helping Chinese’s cultivation which steered to the cultural consistency, and there central government. During the Zhou, the country was alienated into the highest ranking to the lower ranking of the commanding officers. Some saw the peasants as a free man, but other saw them as nothing but slaves.
Qin Shihuang unified all of China and established the Qin Dynasty. Qin Shihuang who became the first emperor of China believed that building walls was the best way to defend his country from foreign invaders. He found that earlier walls had been disconnected and in 215 B.C. he ordered 2,000,000 people to help build walls and all of these people who got ordered were prisoners of war, and people who were found guilty of crimes and the majority of them were soldiers in the army. During the building of the Great Wall it took many lives and a heavy amount of money and materials.
In the 19th and 20th century, China was often oppressed by imperialism, national weakness, and civil war. In 1949, Mao Zhedong, founded the People's Republic of China. After that “The Great Leap Forward” and “Cultural Revolution,” were two movements that brought China into extreme poverty and turmoil. Until the eighties, China adopted its policies of reform and expanded to guarantee the steady development of society. Today, China doesn’t join any wars in the world and makes efforts to improve relationships with neighboring countries.
Stability and order is important for any country, especially in China. The historical institutional lessons made Chinese government more focus on the order and stability. stability is the sentiment of people, it representing the acceptance of what is being proposed. Order and stability are the pillar components to support the government, without order and stability, the government will collapse obvious. Deng Xiaoping(Deng) claimed that stability is the fundamental of any development in China.