To what extent was Chaing Kai-shek’s leadership a failure? (Was the failure of the new GMD (nationalist) government inevitable?) It can be argued that Chaing Kai-shek’s leadership was always going to fail, because he was fighting a battle that could never be won. However, through his time in power, did also have many aims and successes, which helped china and the Chinese people. Chaing Kai-shek and the GMD’s aims were imposed to help make china a more stable country.
The Chinese Open Door Policy was a major event in recent Chinese history, because The Open Door Policy that was argued for by John Hay’s Open Door Notes, advocated an impartial system of taxation to set up a system of equal trading rights, and prevented European nations from carving China into separate colonies. Although the Open Door Notes was not written with Chinese interests at heart, it greatly benefited China in the long run. The Open Door Notes was a very influential document in Chinese history. Written at the turn of the century by Secretary of State, John Hay, the Open Door Notes was a letter that was sent to all nations with interests in China. After acquiring the Philippines, the United States gained interest in the vast resources of Asia.
Being afraid of inferior if a fight really happened, the Vietnam Communist Government hopelessly gave its island up to China. The main reason of this yield is that Vietnam was not ready for a war yet; and its leader didn’t have a really powerful army in hand. So, it’s willing to give up in front of stronger militaries. Another, Machiavelli argued that the leader should take control of his people by force rather than by law. Oppositely, Lao-Tzu admitted that a good leader should not rule his people, but to follow.
Ancient China’s Philosophies In China there were three major philosophies, which were Legalism, Daoism, and Confucianism. All of them played an important role in China. One major philosophy that came out of China was Confucianism. Confucians strongly believed in Duty, humanity, and the Filial Piety. Duty is a work ethic, it meant that you had to work hard to fulfill the duties and the affairs of society will prosper as a whole.
Most of Chiang’s policies were relatively successful, if not extremely promising, but it is the moral low ground of these schemes that could prove unsuccessful in hindsight. The social element of Chiang’s policies were probably is most sought after, as he sole aim was to unify China under one centralised, capitalist government. He realised his vision successfully through the use of several projects, notably manipulating and overthrowing the provincial warlords. Chiang, as well as the rest of the GMD, realised that the last thing between China and a unified government was the warlords – Chiang rightfully concluded they simply had to be ousted, otherwise China would continue to be the fragmented nation that it was. Chiang’s clever strategy was invaluable, as the Kuomintang had come the closest to a centralised government since the Qing Dynasty, by successfully using Feng Yuxiang, who negotiated with both the Wuhan GMD and Chiang’s
It explains that son must faithfully obey and respect his elders, as well as being faithful, honest etc, and if there was enough energy left in him, he could study literature and arts. These two documents show what a person influenced by Confucianism acted like in society. As time went on, another philosophy called Daoism emerged and become popular with the commoners of China. Both Confucianism and Daoism believed total harmony with society was needed to be achieved as well as encouraging peace, and goodwill. However, Daoism put more emphasis on “the way”.
The Mongols had foreign administrators in China because they did not trust any Chinese person to be left in charge therefore foreign people were used. While in the Middle East the Mongols felt that leaving the Persians to have some charge would be the best for the people and result in benefits. Along with similar and different political effects of Mongol rule, there were similar and different economic effects of Mongol rule on China and the Middle East. The economic effects of Mongol rule on China and the Middle East were similar in that both were forced to give up money. In
After unified it he was the first emperor who allowed citizens to take parts in government according to their abilities to work not just by blood. He invented one economy system that everyone used china. He unified China under one currency Lian, all units of measurements, reduced the amount of Chinese characters and made one written language. This made the economy system run much smoother. Qin Huang Di was an egocentric and brutal emperor that dictated all of china and outlawed all religion that wasn’t legalism.
A document from either of these sources would provide great insight into the attitudes toward technology in each nation. The Han’s view of technology was predominately self-glorifying, with good reason as the Chinese invented everything from paper to acupuncture. The Han’s seemed to feel that technology was about helping the people. As demonstrated in document 1, the first goal of technology is to ward off disaster, in this case, a flood. This demonstrates a concern for the people, at least of the property, giving the impression that technology is there to aid the Chinese.
“ Describe traditional Chinese society and culture and evaluate the nature of power and authority in China prior to 1900.” Today, China is the most populated country in the world having more than 1.3 billion people living in the country. Prior to 1900 China had a very long and traditional history when it came to their society and culture. Power and authority in China played a major role prior to the 1900’s. Their government was based on the teachings of Confucianism, China was then ruled by different dynasties. Each dynasty had an Emperor who ruled the country, this was decided through “The Mandate of Heaven” which again integrated the teachings of Confucianism.