Ancient China’s Philosophies In China there were three major philosophies, which were Legalism, Daoism, and Confucianism. All of them played an important role in China. One major philosophy that came out of China was Confucianism. Confucians strongly believed in Duty, humanity, and the Filial Piety. Duty is a work ethic, it meant that you had to work hard to fulfill the duties and the affairs of society will prosper as a whole.
2. Confucius left an enduring mark on Chinese society as a. an educator and political advisor. b. a man involved in the practice of statecraft as an ambitious official. c. a great traveler and writer of deep philosophical treatises. d. a powerful and wise emperor.
Confucianism is highly advocated in China. In stead of saying Confucianism is a religion, I think Confucianism is concepts of state of moral idea. It provided spiritual and intellectual knowledge to the Chinese. It taught us to be self-ruled and to be virtuous person. The Chinese believed it is a virtue to follow Confucianism.
However, they each displayed deviating and unique characteristics, especially with their selection of bureaucrats, the building of infrastructure, and the spread of the empire. The nature or rather the culture towards these techniques differed in these two empires. On one hand, both cultures demands respect of the systems from those rules, however, the way this was carried out differed in each empire. The Hans placed a special emphasis on the ideals and principles of Confucianism. The subjects of Han China would have been raised to respect with question their superiors and to know their proper place and role in society.
Taoism and Confucianism are two major theories or rather philosophical systems, which emerged in China, and later influenced many countries of East Asia. Such as, China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Vietnam. Confucianism is mainly centered on virtue and ethics as a means to an ordered society and beliefs than an ordered society is what people strive for. Taoism, on the other hand, focuses on the individual life in relation to the Tao, or ‘way of nature’. Both are considered philosophies and not religions and acknowledge a path that a person should follow in life.
The placement and use of the Mandate of Heaven has been a political constant during this time period of classical China. The Mandate of Heaven is the basic idea that a divine ruler gave certain people the right to rule. However, if the Mandate is removed, the dynasty is no longer in charge. This “explained” China’s many overthrown dynasties. Government structure is also a big political continuity in China during 100 C.E.
Li’s freedom came down to the way that teacher Chan nurtured Li’s gift into something special that would captivate an audience, inspire a nation and bring together two contrasting cultures. In addition, I strongly believe that Bruce Beresford has created America as a symbol of freedom in this film that contrasts against the oppression of communist China. Furthermore I believe that Consul Zhang is a character that conveys the oppression of China through the way that he tries to control Li’s life and tries to force him back to Communist China. Firstly, Teacher Chan inspired Li to be the best he could be, Chan always believed in Li and saw something that the other teachers didn’t, he saw Li’s ability to overcome hardship and shine when the time called for it. Teacher Chan is a symbol of freedom in this film, he tells Li that “Before you can fly, you have to be free” and I believe this is a very important quote for freedom in this film that accentuates the motif of flying that surrounds the viewer in Mao’s Las Dancer.
Source A and B are similar in hailing Qui Shihuang as a great ruler and unifier of China and as a harsh ruler who administered severe punishments on those who broke the law and those who pose a threat to his rule. However both sources differ in their emphasis and opinion of Qui Shihuang rule. Both sources, A and B are very similar in their descriptions of Qin Shi Huang. as a powerful and effective ruler who brought about many positive changes to China. Source A mentions about Qui Shihuang introducing laws uniformly throughout China and adopting a single script of writing unifying the people throughout his empire.
Written examinations were used to identify the best qualified people for the job. In the 2nd century B.C.E., an imperial university was established to teach students the five classics of the Confucian school to prepare them to become bureaucrats. This Confucianism allowed, on one hand, for flexibility between different ideologies and on the other hand it retained the power from the unification of thought by controlling the other doctrines. Confucianism during the Han transitioned from a moral based society to a more universal
The Mandate of Heaven provided not only China, but also other parts of the world with a dynastic system. This is because it provides a non-chaotic way of deciding another ruling family of a government. It would be fair for everyone because the heavenly powers would pick the ruling family that they feel is the most deserved candidate for that spot. The Mandate of Heaven philosophy would be