The discussion will begin by considering what social exclusion is. It will investigate the effects of social exclusion from four distinct dimensions of exclusion set out by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF, 2000). The dimensions to be considered are exclusion from the labour market, exclusion from adequate income or resources, exclusion from social relations and exclusion from services. It will continue by focussing on how such exclusion places those with learning disabilities at risk and how their health may be affected. Finally it will discuss government strategies, voluntary agencies and health agencies and their aims to be more inclusive in the consideration of those with learning disabilities.
Other entities that contribute to public health include; community centres, the business community, schools, doctors, dentists and complimentary and alternative medicine practitioners (Harding 2003). For example businesses are required to provide smoke free environments, and doctors identify when patients require referral to a nutritionist. The role of a nutritionist, as highlighted by the Nutrition Society of Australia (NSA) is to extract propagate and apply scientific knowledge drawn from the relevant sciences to promote health and prevent diet-related illness in the population (Nutrition Society of Australia 2013). As in public health, nutritionists are concerned with the prevention of disease. Lifestyle diseases such as obesity, type II diabetes and heart disease are the biggest threat to the population today.
Behavior includes people’s actions and mannerisms. Behavior in health is based on how people approach health and the lifestyles they develop, which are based on societal influences and attitudes. The Committee on Health and Behavior viewed behavior through a scientific lens. According to the committee, “biobehavioral sciences are used…to refer to the panoply of basic, applied, and clinical sciences that contribute to an understanding of behavior” (Committee on Health and Behavior, 2001, p. 20). These sciences help to explain people’s behavior towards health and how social influences and personal attitudes influence behavior.
This assignment will describe how communication skills are used in health and social care sector. It will also explain some of the factors that can restrict or encourage communication and which verbal and non-verbal communications affect the communication cycle. Relevant Theories: Any health and social care department consists of different types of service users. As a care provider we need to implement several types of communication techniques through knowledge, experience and skills. As per the theorists who have made the valuable researches and recommendations in order to involve the effective communication.
This essay will be looking at what is meant by the term social model of health and I will be describing the differences when it is compared to the medical model of health. The social model of health is a view that health is multidimensional with social factors, such as class, gender and ethnicity, influencing and patterning health and illness. The medical model of health is a specific way of thinking about and explaining disease based on biological factors One of the recognized explanations of health is established by the World Health Organisation (WHO 1946). WHO defined health as state of complete physical, mental, spiritual and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (WHO, 1946).
The role of State Health Department in United States is to lead and target issues within communities throughout the local health departments. HHS oversee health issues, environment, and regulate health facilities within these division. They are in charge to collect health data, manage vital statistics, declare health emergencies and formulate health policy. Also, inspect and licenses health professionals. They provide technical assistance such as: Quality improvement, data management, public health law, human resources management and policy development.
Introduction In this report I will be explaining different psychological approaches to health practice followed by explaining different psychological approaches to social care practice. I will then go on to compare two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. I will then finish by evaluating two psychological approaches to health and social care provision. I will include the social learning approach and humanistic approach and explain how these theories and ideas specifically relating to health practice. Also I will include the behaviourist approach and cognitive approach and link them to social care practice.