This system of government still runs today with civil unrest of ethnic conflict. A negative effect left by the French rule "was the place given to French as a language of instruction, a move that favored Christians at the expense of Muslims." (Reference 2)This political affect proves the strong dominance France had on Lebanon which continues to impact the government. This topic directly relates to the humanities concept of change both positively and negatively. France introduced the republican parliamentary
In some cases post-colonial travelogue has been an instrument of imperial expansion; in other cases a forceful vehicle of cultural critique. Among the writers who have used travel writing to expose the oppression of the colonized people by the Europeans, Bartolomé de las Casas (16th century) was one of the first who criticised the cruelty of Spanish forces against the indigenous people of Hispaniola. Las Casas was Spanish, Christian missionary and historian. His internationally famous writing, “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies”, was originally a letter
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the British colonial control of Egypt introduced westernization to a traditional society previously governed by Islamic belief (Sicker 101). At this same period of time, World War II was raging in Europe which brought further disruption and chaos to the Egyptian society. Such change was unprecedented since the introduction of Islam to Egypt brought by the Arab Muslims in the early 7th century (Kassim 21). During this transition phase, Egypt was under yet another important cultural shift that has redefined the morality, tradition, and ethics of its people. In the novel Midaq Alley by Naguib Mahfouz, the story takes place in a poor neighborhood called Midaq Alley in the city of Cairo during the World War II era, which depicts its inhabitants’ struggle with the traditional Islamic values of the past and the forthcoming westernization.
HIST When the King Took Flight Book Review Timothy Tackett’s When the King Took Flight recounts the historical and tragic failed escape attempt of the royal family of France. The book delves deep into the turbulence of the time period and demonstrates how King Louis XVI’s decision to flee turned the course of the Revolution in France. The book is vividly descriptive of the changing times in France and how it affected the different parties, factions, and classes proving Tackett’s research skills. Tackett, through his descriptive style, offers the reader an omniscient view of the early years of the Revolution up to and after the royal family’s failed escape. Through his intense research, Tackett gives the reader an appreciation for the difficult, unstable, and often violent Revolution and the men behind it.
The Late Middle Ages was a time of great social, political and military upheaval in Western Europe. Of the numerous major events which marked the age, the Hundred Years’ War was perhaps one of the most significant. The term Hundred Years War is a relatively modern invention meant to describe a series of protracted wars waged by two royal houses, the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet, over who was the rightful sovereign of the Kingdom of France. The conflict, which lasted from 1337 to 1453, had numerous consequences for both England and France. For the purposes of this paper I shall focus primarily on the aspects of military innovation and revolution while attempting to describe how these innovations relate to the political and social changes which also occurred during the period.
What and Where is Post-colonial Theory Contents • What and Where is Post-colonial Theory? • Theory links 1 • Fanon • Edward Said • Hybridity • Ethnicity • Location • What and Where is Post-colonial Theory? The inquiry into the racist murder of Stephen Lawrence with the Metropolitan Police’s admission of institutionalised racism, the defamatory and near racist language used by both sides of the political divide over the issue of asylum seekers and refugees, and the appalling and terrifying spectre of extreme rightwing domestic terrorism are just some of the news stories of the last few years which have thrown into sharp relief the debates which surround issues such as racism, nationalism, national identity, immigration, the continuing legacies of western colonial, imperial histories and the nature of society in multi-cultural urban areas.Much of the most exciting, challenging and thought-provoking work in the fields of visual arts and literature has been focused on precisely such issues, be it from established and successful artists such as Chris Opili, Yinke Shonebare, and Zadie Smith, to less well known artists such as John Nassari, Ming Wong and others featured in this site. In Arts and Humanities Departments in Universities throughout the world such issues and concerns have been theorised, discussed, debated and disseminated under the category of Post-colonial Theory. This site aims to provide a resource for students, artists, writers and researchers interested in finding out more about this exciting but difficult area of cultural and critical theory.
In many ways my reflections here spring from a dissatisfaction with the inadequacies (both epistemological and world historical) of the ways in which some critics of orientalism have located modernity. First, some background. The independence movements of the Middle East and North Africa--especially the Algerian revolution--provoked a debate about orientalist knowledge in which the interventions of Jean-Paul Sartre and Frantz Fanon were crucial. For Fanon, the anti-colonial struggle was also a cultural struggle with liberation as its goal. The publication of Edward Said's Orientalism (1978) recast the terms of the debate.
Great Britain sought control of Egypt to safeguard the route to their flourishing empire in India. Russia also sought strategic land in the Balkans to gain access to the Mediterranean Sea. Nations (China, Africa) that were targets of this Imperialistic game suffered heavily. Cultures were destroyed, and civilization destroyed. Some may say it was a “necessary evil”, because Imperialistic powers took control of their lands, which brought about many achievements, both industrial and economical, and modernized the areas they took control of.
Medea By Chang, Ying-An The reason why Medea is of great significance to postcolonial context can be discussed in multifaceted perspective. Surprisingly, there are curious parallels between this tragedy and colonization, including background, main concept and notion in event and asymmetric status of both sides. Reasons in detail will be explained as in the following. First of all, there is perceivable similarity between this imaginary myth and historical colonization in terms of the background. Medea, married to Jason though, is from a country named Colchis, which is located in Eastern coast of Black Sea and the residents there are commonly viewed as barbarians by Western world.
Amitav Ghosh in all his novels tries to retrieve the events tucked behind the pages of history. The Shadow Lines deals with history, independence of India and the partition of the country. The partition was an event whose consequences were entirely unexpected and whose meaning was never fully spelled out or understood either by the politicians who took the decision or the millions of Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs who were to become its victims. The ethnic and social unrest created political chaos within the states. One such event is the riots of 1964.