• Even though he was an Emperor, he actually started the demise of kingdoms and royalty. • Napoleon’s legacy is quite complex because he was the embodiment of the Enlightenment on one hand, and on the other, he inspired fear. • He contributed to the resurgence of conservatism, the growth of nationalism, and the rise of a new phenomenon, romanticism. This deadly trio led to two world wars. • It is true that he implemented some revolutionary institutions, but one should not overlook the fact that he also had every one of them only to satisfy his own desire.
The Monarchy’s absolute rule and ancient regime were tested by the growing influence of the Enlightenment, which challenged traditional ways and ideas. Lavish spending and irrational mistakes made by the royal family worsened the nations ongoing economic debt, installing fear and famine in the lives of French citizens. In the face of a changing world, the old order succumbed to its own rigidity, falling to the ambitions of a rising bourgeoisie. These significant long-term causes created an atmosphere of discontent and confusion in France, allowing an angry and frustrated Third Estate to utilise the Estates-General meeting to their advantage. It was this event that lit the spark for the Revolution of France.
The French Revolution was a period of societal and political change during the eighteenth century. This significant event in history radically shaped France and formed a society on the basis of the enlightenment principles. Although the revolution contained emulating democratic ideals appealing to the French bourgeoisie, the actions carried out to achieve these principles left France in political unrest and financial disaster. During this time of turmoil, France called upon a strong ruler; a man with an open mind and an enlightened soul. France needed a leader who not only shared democratic ideals of the revolution, but had the sheer genius and iron hand to see them into reality.
French Revolution DBQ The French revolution of 1789 was a period of significant change. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views of government and society. Political, social, and economical changes in France contributed to this change. In France, people wanted rights of equality and freedom. Equality and freedom soon became the peoples’ main focus.
John Locke was a great philosopher and the father of Classical Liberalism. In his work “Second Treatise of Civil Government” many of his values. His ideas had the intention of making all men free and equal, the foundation of the law in Virginia Declaration of Rights, Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The Constitution of the United States was directly influenced by Locke’s work in that he believed that when people give up complete freedom and some rights to form a government and elect people in authority to act in this government. Whoever refuses to follow these laws will be punished accordingly.
Entering the 18th Century, the Age of Enlightenment allowed reason to play a large roll in deciding the authenticity for supremacy. These principles spread throughout Europe and even played a large role in the American Declaration of Independence, the United States Bill of Rights, and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (Wikipedia). This Age of Enlightenment was not just a single movement that of ideas for reason or rationalism, it also included satire. This satire was considered the enlightened wit in the Age of Reason. Using sarcasm, irony, and wit to bring change in society, satirical artists began using politics as a target for their criticisms.
The French Revolution was a major overthrow of the French government in 1789. Many injustices existed in prerevolutionary France. Political, social, and intellectual factors combined to bring forth of the French Revolution. These long term causes contributed to the discontent felt by many French people, especially those of the peasants and workers. The ideas of the intellectual of the Enlightment brought democratic reforms.
To what extent is The Prince a Humanist and Renaissance text? The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli is a narrative devise comprising a guide to the political leaders of the Renaissance period. The novel draws attention to the growing philosophy of Humanism amongst Renaissance thinkers, in an attempt to bring vast changes to a suffering society ran by substandard authority figures. In addition to this primary endeavour the novel is radical in its humanist approach, subversively exposing such ideas as cruelty, hatred and fear as being a critical aspect to the leadership of any society. However a deeper reading and understanding of the text will, inevitably, reveal contradictions.
This is because Louis’ personal actions that he took betrayed people and led them to disillusionment against him as they wanted to press for a trial for the king. Louis’ decision to dismiss Necker again caused a negative outcome which can be seen when the third estate stormed the Bastille in 1789. This had a huge impact on France and changed the attitudes and ideology of the people involved or who supported it. Prior to 1792 we can see how Louis’ actions showed why there was a republican emergence. One event which is significant to emphasise this was the calling of the Estate general in 1789.
Maximillien Robespierre was a man with drastic reformatory aspirations. He considered the general will to be a necessity and resorted to the Terror because he wished to create a temporary dictatorship in order to save the Republic. He praised the revolution and disguised the gruesomeness of his actions and intentions by reasoning that the Terror was virtuous since it defended the Republic. The Jacobins were liberal radicalists who wished for a central government, control over the economy, and universal suffrage. With the replacement of the Girondins faction in 1793, the Jacobins had complete control of the National Convention, and France as a nation.