The goal of the war in the beginning, according to patriots, was to be listened to by Britain and in order to do that, they fought. The war was caused by many things but the three most substantial were the Navigation Laws, the Stamp and Sugar Acts and how Britain reacted to what the colonists did when they tried to enforce laws unliked in America. As Theodore Roosevelt later said, “Revolution broke out because England failed to recognize an emerging nation when it saw
Tensions began to grow rapidly and the American colonies were becoming more opposed to the British and their King. Britain and the colonies slowly become more and more divided in the way they think and act, as shown when the British imperial polices were soon being established and enforced against the colonies will. Intensified resistance to the British rule made the colonies have more and more resentment with a want of independence to be separated from England. Although British made these imperial polices between 1763 and 1776 while the American colonies and Britain were ideally Father and Son nations, they had overstepped their boundaries as the father country and became monarchy based as they created new laws and enforced taxes and made
The Loyalists The Loyalists(officially dubbed United Empire Loyalists) were the people still loyal to Britain during the American Revolution, and who came to Canada to remain British. Most settled in Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. During the 1760's, Canada was just coming out of the Seven Years’ War. The British had finally succeeded in taking the region away from the French. This created problems for the British leaders as now police and soldiers had to be spread out more, and people thought that it would mean less protection for them, which causing civil unrest.
The Stamp Act, which placed a tax on all printed items, angered colonists the most because it was passed with a blatant intention of raising revenue. These acts all served to antagonize the colonists. Soon, protests formed with one complaint in mind: taxation without representation was unjust and unreasonable. With Britain’s continual taxation on American colonies, the desire for independence was beginning to surface in American society. As displeasure began to rise
This fosters the fragmentation of society: communities fall apart, there are land disputes left and right, and seeing all of this, Britain begins to take firm control of its empire, passing the Proclamation of 1763. Among of this turmoil, the frontiersmen begin to feel misrepresented in the government. All this agitation breaks out in the delegitimization of the colonial authority, causing everyone to point fingers at Parliament, and more easily, King George III. However, British officials did, or could do, very little to ease the stress present. Another core cause examined is economic expansion.
Colonies were pushed further and further toward revolution by growing anger and violence, exemplified by the exaggerated events of the Boston Massacre, a riot of Bostonians turned ugly viewed as a massacre of innocent colonists (Brinkley Alan pg 113). At a glance, the Revolutionary War may seem incredibly economic. But proving such a point is difficult, as most of the imposed taxes were either repealed or inexpensive. In actuality, colonists taxed themselves heavier as an independent country than they had been as a colony of the British crown (Baack, Ben). The American Revolution was the evolution of an independent nature, as colonists fought for the preservation of rights they believed essential to human nature.
All of this compelled the people to rebel and establish a resistance to such unreasonable actions taken against them. This strain on civil liberties is the cause of the American Revolution. The French and Indian War was a huge turning point for the colonies. The thirteen colonies were used to being ignored and neglected by England. However, after the war and after George Grenville came into office in 1764, things changed.
The year 1763 was marked as a turning point in American History. The war between France and Britain for Colonial dominance in North America had ended. The British now controlled all of the lands discovered in North America but now had the large problem of developing an Imperial program for the much bigger empire. Britain would soon come to learn that the new colonies could determine their own destiny. The colonies had become a melting pot as more and more immigrants came to find a new life in America.
The Townshend Acts were similar to the Stamp Act but they taxed different items, and they were put in place after the tax was repealed. Another important difference that the colonists overlooked was that these taxes were a customs duty that could be paid at American ports. All of these parliamentary laws caused uproars in the colonies. They believed that they were not fair because of the no representation of colonists at parliament meetings. The British, to colonial dismay, told them that they were represented because they had Virtual Representation because all parliament members represent all British citizens.
In order for Britain to win the war, they needed to alter their war strategies. The French and the Native Americans were initially allies. Under the guidance of British leader William Pitt, the war took a turn away from French victory as the Native Americans switched sides. By promising the Iroquois and Ohio Natives ‘clear and fixed’ boundaries between British territory and the