Colonial America Essay

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Mid Term Exam HIS321 COLONIAL AMERICA The Puritans who arrived in America in 1630 were on a mission to build a “city upon a hill” as an example of what could be done in a society committed to God’s laws. In the first century of settlement, however, the challenges that they encountered compromised aspects of their mission. Discuss these challenges and the Puritans’ response to them. Puritans who were interested in reforming the Anglican Church established Massachusetts Bay. This was known as the Great Puritan Migration. Massachusetts Bay was developed with Puritans ideals and values. After being inspired by a sermon, the colonists were encouraged to be a “City upon a hill.” It was to be the example of what living by God Laws meant. It was the belief of all Puritans that they had a special covenant with God, and that belief was central to their philosophy and way of life in a religious and political sense. Puritans saw themselves as the true church and religious freedom was not tolerated in the colonies. Those who settled at Massachusetts Bay lived by Calvinist beliefs. They had a strong work ethic, which led to the development of market economy. One of the challenges faced came from Roger Williams, which taught principles contrary to the belief system of the Puritans. He taught that the church and state should be separate, but as eventually banished. Another person who was contraversal was Anne Hutchinson who taught that God’s grace was suffient, and not moral law or performing good deeds. The Puritan belief system was challenged by her teachings as well as their authority and their clergymen. She was later banished by the colony. Religious groups like the Puritans, Quakers, Anglicans, and Baptist were very different in their beliefs. However, a new wave of evangelism changed some of the cultural beliefs and differences. This evangelist
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