Puritanical Beliefs Essay

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Puritanical Beliefs Princeton defines Puritanism as “strictness and austerity in conduct and religion”. This is a understatement, when referring to the Puritan people of the 16th and 17th century. Based on the idealism of Anglican Christianity and the beliefs of a man by the name of Roger Calvin, Puritanistic incorporation of fundamental values based on the bible makes it seem quite like an extremist-like sect. Puritan life requires unwavering devotion and unfaltering faith - a difficult ambition to achieve in mid-1600 English society. Oppression by the Anglican Church was overwhelming, not to mention prevalent sinful behavior that plagued the continent – contradicting core puritan beliefs. A leader of the puritan movement, John Winthrop, aimed to create a “city upon a hill” – a community united under the covenant of god. Said community was unobtainable in England, for lack of space, and oppression by the church. A group of separatists led by Winthrop aspired to start a pure society, free of malicious behavior and catholic corruption; a utopian society based purely on god’s word, the bible. Thus, the Massachusetts Bay colony was formed in the New World, the Americas, an ideal place for Winthrop’s “City upon a Hill”. The puritan way of life has fascinating similarities to modern-day American society. It can be seen how Puritan ways transcended throughout American culture, and still are the core of governmental ideologies and some American families today. Puritans took the word of the bible as their creed – and followed its teachings accordingly. The strict idealism of god and his power placed fear in children, for they believe their faults will be treated with adverse repercussions. God was everything to the puritans. Breaking a covenant with god would have extreme consequences. Fear of god placed righteousness in the hearts of the people of the Massachusetts

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