D. How would the resistance of Cari’s airways be affected by excess mucus and fluid in her lung? a. The lung capacity is decreased because the air space is already filled with mucus and fluids therefore she can’t take in enough oxygen. The extra mucus and fluids put extra pressure on the lungs. E. How would Cari’s lung compliance (the effort required to expand the lungs) be altered as her alveoli fill with fluid due to pneumonia?
The extra mucus and fluids put extra pressure on the lungs. E. How would Cari’s lung compliance (the effort required to expand the lungs) be altered as her alveoli fill with fluid due to pneumonia? She will have a low compliance, because the lungs wont be able to expand with all the fluid build up. Usually lungs have a high compliance and expand easily and surfactant in alveolar fluid reduces surface tension. Decreased compliance is a common feature in pulmonary conditions that scar lung tissue.
The reported short term effects put pregnant women at risk for delivering premature babies. Phthgalates long term affects the reproductive systems of children especially, male reproductive organs. Disorders include low sperm count and a resulting decline in fertility, testicular cancer, cryptorchidism (one or both testicles fail to move into the scrotum before birth), and hypospadias (a congenital defect in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside, rather than at the end, of the penis). Alcohol is a fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. This liquid can affect the host brain
Provide information about a range of factors which may affect children’s health and well being at differing times in their lives. (E3) & Include evidence of the effects of these factors on children’s health. (E4) | Babies | Nursery children | Primary age | 1. | Second hand smoking around babies can cause their lungs not to grow they can also get sick very often and have bad coughs and loads of wheezing. Second hand smoking can also cause a trigger of asthma attacks and they can be quite severe sometimes.
If the mother smokes, takes drugs, becomes ill or suffers from stress this can result in premature birth and health problems for the baby such as -: low birth weight, undeveloped organs, problems with sight and hearing which will result in the delay their development. Perinatal – this is the actual time of birth. Babies born before 37 weeks are called premature babies. They may need intensive care which will affect the development. Ex: Lack of oxygen during birth will affect the development of the baby.
o Fearful of loss of dignity. o Fearful of loss of independence due to depending on others. o Individual may suffer quietly due to continence being a sensitive, personal and intimate issue. o Increase risk of falls due to increased continence needs. o Increase anxiety and stress Question 2 Common causes of difficulties with continence include: o Increased age o Weak or damaged pelvic floor muscles o Nerve damage (caused by child birth.
There are macrophages found in the terminal bronchioles and alveoli that normally would protect Cari’s lungs from infectious pathogens and particulate matter. D – How would the resistance of Cari’s airways be affected by excess mucus and fluid in her lungs? The excess mucus and fluid in the lungs would raise the resistance of Cari’s airways because of the small diameter the buildup would cause. The fluid would have some of alveoli under water where they could not function properly and there would also be more friction from the buildup. E – How would Cari’s lung compliance (the effort required to expand the lungs) be altered as her alveoli fill with fluid due to pneumonia?
These fluids collect in and around the alveoli, and the alveolar walls thicken. Both events seriously reduce gas exchange and lead to hypoxemia, interfering with oxygenation and possibly leading to death. The capillary leak spreads the infection to other areas of the lung. If the organisms move into the bloodstream sepsis occurs. (3) Etiology: Pneumonia develops when the immune system cannot combat the virulence of the invading organisms.
Typically, the tissues of interest are cerebral and whether caused by strokes, aneurism, heart attacks, or physical trauma, can produce a host of cognitive and memorial deficits depending on the sites affected and how widespread the damage is’ (Arthur et al., 2009, p. 43).‘inadequate oxygen supply, during the birth process. Sometimes the problem results from a failure to start breathing within a few minutes.’ Other causes are breech position placenta abruption or Rh factor responses (Berk 2003, p. 107). | A lack of oxygen supply to a baby in this instance during the birth process. Babies can withstand limited access to breathing within10 minutes before permanent damage to brain cells is likely to occur. | Question 4.2 1.
The heart is used the hardest in this life stage as the arteries harden the heart needs to pump harder and faster to ensure that the individual is still alive, this however, is considered a big risk for the individual as the blood pressure may increase to such that the individual may have a heart attack. The coronary heart disease is caused by the fatty/unhealthy deposits causing a blockage in the arteries. If the coronary artery is partly blocked, the individual will become more breathless and also may face extreme chest pains, this suggests that the blood flow may have decreased ad so increases the risk of a heart attack. With increasing age the heart becomes more vulnerable to disease. Even in the absence of detectable disease, the heart undergoes deleterious changes with advancing age.