Research Paper On Congestive Heart Failure

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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart's function as a pump is inadequate to meet the body's needs. The symptoms of congestive heart failure vary, but can include fatigue, diminished exercise capacity, shortness of breath, and swelling. The treatment of congestive heart failure can include lifestyle modifications, addressing potentially reversible factors, medications, heart transplant, and mechanical therapies. The heart has two atria (right atrium and left atrium) that make up the upper chambers of the heart, and two ventricles (left ventricle and right ventricle) that make up the lower chambers of the heart. The ventricles are muscular chambers that pump blood when the muscles contract.…show more content…
The irregular rhythm, or arrhythmia, results from abnormal electrical impulses in the upper chambers (atria, singular=atrium) of the heart that cause the heartbeat (ventricle contraction) to be irregular and usually fast. The irregularity can be continuous, or it can come and go. Some individuals, especially patients on medications, may have atrial fibrillation constantly but not have a rapid (>100 heartbeats per minute) rate at rest. Variations of A fib may be termed paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent (these are further described below). A fib is the most common heart arrhythmia. (Davis…show more content…
To help with the symptoms of dementia the client was taking Donepezil which is an anti- Alzheimer’s medication. Emaciation A person suffering from emaciation has an extremely low body weight. This symptom of a variety of diseases or conditions like starvation is fairly easy to recognize. The human or animal looks severely underweight, with many bones sticking out prominently. Depending on its cause, emaciation may have other features, and while from the outside these symptoms look severe, on the inside of the body it is more dangerous, as most of the body’s systems aren't provided with the nutrition required to function well or normally. The more severe low body weight is, the more risk this poses. (Fargo, 2012) Emaciation has numerous causes, and things like involuntary starvation should not be overlooked. In areas where poverty is extreme, few residents may get the nutrition they need and they may begin to show signs of emaciation. Appearance isn’t the only issue, and starvation is life-threatening. The profound state of malnutrition that accompanies emaciation can either result in conditions like organ shut-down or it makes people so vulnerable to disease that they cannot fight any form of infection. (Fargo,

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