Unit 136 Support Children’s learning and development in the early years 1.1 Understand the impact of early year’s curriculum models on the application of theoretical perspectives of children’s care, learning and development. Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.
A child’s early years of life are important. “It is important for cognitive, social and emotional development. To ensure that every child grows up in environments where social, emotional and educational needs are met, we as society need to take the necessary steps.” I chose the movie Big Daddy, with actor Adam Sandler, to analyze because it shows all the contraries. This movie proves what not to do when trying to create such environments for children. I believe Rousseau’s view on child development really defines what this movie portrays.
Unit 2 2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice today. Theories of development and frameworks to support development have influenced today's early year curriculum models and directly contributed to the good practice of childcare practitioners ,ensuring that children are seen as individuals and that each child's individual needs are met so that appropriate developmental opportunities are provided.These theorists have laid the foundations for current developmental theories and are still widely used today.Theories of development are important for childcare workers to understand as they form the basis of today's curriculum approaches and have highlighted good practice in teaching and learning strategies such as PPI's,(personal learning programmes),the use of observations,inclusive practice and the importance of key workers for children.All of these ensure that the children's individual needs are being observed ,planned for ,extended,recorded and met by the childcare practitioner and when needed with multi agency professionals.Without the work of yesterday's theorists,today's understanding of child development would not be as it is.Frameworks give us a guide that enables us to view and meet the needs of each child in our care.Theorists such as Abraham Maslown (1908-1970),Jean Piaget (1896-1980) and Freud (1856-1939)played a vital role in developing today's early years curriculum which sees each child holistically and as an individual whose needs may differ from another child's.It is thanks to them that our practice today is inclusive,diverse and child centred. Maslown is best known for his theory of self actualisation.Maslow lists a hierarchy of needs .He believed that our most basic requirements must be met before we can progress onto higher needs.Maslows hierarchy is a helpful approach
The strands are: • To learn about themselves - Self Concept Development • To learn about their feelings - Emotional Development • To learn about other people - Social Development • To learn to communicate - Language Development • To learn to move and do - Physical Development • To learn to think - Cognitive Development The quality of early experiences is shaped by the individuals with whom infants and toddlers spend their time and by the environments where they spend their time. As early childhood professionals, we know what children need in order to be successful in both school and in life. This document designed for program trainers, directors and parent educators to use as they work with caregivers and parents to insure quality care for infants and toddlers. Infants and toddlers are cared for in a variety of settings. These settings include the child’s own home, child care centers and family child care.
Socialisation is a very important part of childhood, as it benefits us throughout life. There will be an in-depth look at socialisation and can gain an understanding of how students learn, children’s physical, social and intellectual development, and how culture and other factors impact on teaching strategies. An in-depth look into socialisation and its aims, the key agents of socialisation, methods which are based on theoretical understandings which support socialisation and how socialisation impacts on child development and learning. Until recently, socialisation research was primarily fixated on the result of influences which were outside of the child or influences on the inside of the child. These could have included the influence of a prominent adult figure or unconscious motives.
Play activities are essential to healthy development for children and adolescents. Research shows that 75% of brain development occurs after birth. The activities engaged in by children both stimulate and influence the pattern of the connections made between the nerve cells. This process influences the development of fine and gross motor skills, language, socialization, personal awareness, emotional well-being, creativity, problem solving and learning ability. The most important role that play can have is to help children to be active, make choices and practice actions to mastery.
The main reason for this study was because the authors were interested in seeing if there was a link between child behavioral problems such as, hyperactivity and inattention, and playing video games or if other factors played a bigger role in child behavioral problems. The researchers gathered 788 parents of preschool children between the ages of two and five; while also, gathering 391 parents of children between the ages of six and eight and separated them into four different groups. Low risk preschoolers, high risk preschools, low risk school-age children, high risk school-age children, these groups were determined by cumulating the risk and parenting styles of each of the children and concluded that factors such as home environment, quality of parent-child relationship, played a bigger role in a child’s behavior problems than video games. However, they did discover that video game exposure was a good way to predict if a low-risk preschooler would have higher levels of hyperactivity, in their study one out of every four had this behavioral problem, although they did not find this to be the case with any other kind of student or behavioral problems. This is important because children behavioral problems have been studied in detail and researchers have tried to narrow down what plays into them and how to predict what type of children will have them; likewise, this study showed that both nonviolent and violent video games, do not play into a massive number of children’s behavioral problems.
When we take care of children, we are also helping the human species find the truth and understand the world. (Gopnik et al. 1999: 211) This chapter begins by looking at what elements need to be in place to ensure that children develop to their full potential and have opportunities to explore and extend all their capacities and capabilities. It will further explore the generalized impact on children’s development of social breakdown because of war and conflict – looking in detail at the developmental processes of early childhood, and noting what happens when that progress is interrupted. The major theories of play will be outlined, with the emphasis here on play not only as a necessary feature of childhood and essential component of development, but also as a means to regain ‘lost childhoods’.
Running-Head: Play Therapy Yves Gerald Play Therapy and its Implication in Child Development 2/7/12 Introduction Montaigne, a French classical writer and philosopher of 16th century made this statement: “If you wish to understand your child, you need to understand his play.” In fact, researchers consider play the leading vehicle for learning in childhood. Play is essential to young child’s health (Life-Span Development, p. 27) and has many functions. Theorists, indeed, have focused on different aspects of play and highlighted a long list of functions. According to Freud and Erikson, play helps the child master anxieties and conflicts (Lifespan, p.27). It permits the child to work off excess physical energy and to release unexpressed tensions.
Erikson's approach differentiates the mastery of childhood issues from adult ones by stressing the different virtues necessary for each stage. Hope and will are the two major virtues in the early childhood stages of development, and these develop into industry and competence as the child grows. Unless basic childhood issues of trust, purpose and autonomy are mastered in the early stages of life, the proper foundation of personhood will not be laid out for the later, more complex issues of identity, vocation and fidelity. 3. For Vygotsky, the movement is from a teacher helping the child to the child helping himself.