Child Development Literature Review

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The first article that I reviewed is titled Infant Developmental Outcomes: A Family Systems Perspective. Infant & Child Development. The main reason for this study is because the authors were interested in how “Parental mental health, parent-infant relationship, infant characteristics and couple’s relationship factors were associated with the infant’s development” (Parfitt, Pike, Ayers, 2014). To do this, the researchers gathered forty-two families and observed the infant at the ages of three months through the infant being video recorded, five months by giving the parents an in-depth clinical interview to evaluate their psyche and lastly at seventeen months they measured the infant’s cognitive language and motor development. To their surprise,…show more content…
The main reason for this study was because the authors were interested in seeing if there was a link between child behavioral problems such as, hyperactivity and inattention, and playing video games or if other factors played a bigger role in child behavioral problems. The researchers gathered 788 parents of preschool children between the ages of two and five; while also, gathering 391 parents of children between the ages of six and eight and separated them into four different groups. Low risk preschoolers, high risk preschools, low risk school-age children, high risk school-age children, these groups were determined by cumulating the risk and parenting styles of each of the children and concluded that factors such as home environment, quality of parent-child relationship, played a bigger role in a child’s behavior problems than video games. However, they did discover that video game exposure was a good way to predict if a low-risk preschooler would have higher levels of hyperactivity, in their study one out of every four had this behavioral problem, although they did not find this to be the case with any other kind of student or behavioral problems. This is important because children behavioral problems have been studied in detail and researchers have tried to narrow down what plays into them and how to predict what type of children will have them; likewise, this study showed that both nonviolent and violent video games, do not play into a massive number of children’s behavioral problems. Previous studies have looked into whether or not video games influence a child’s behavioral problems. However, these types of studies will need to consider outside factors to find all of the reasons for a child’s behavioral problems. One conclusion that can be drawn from
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