Conclusions: 1. A large majority (73%) of the students indicated at least occasional sleep problems, with women reporting more of some difficulties than men did. 2. College students suffer a decreased level of sleep quality compared with a normal adult population 3. Environmental and other demands during college years contribute to students sleep difficulties; students stress and demands may interfere with sleep habits.
Why is it important for teenagers to get a good amount of sleep a. the more sleep a teenager gets; i. the more they will be to pay attention in school ii. will define how good of a mood the person will be in iii. will affect if a teenager will be sleepy or tired in class; will they feel asleep in class? (more than 25% of high school students fall asleep in class.) iv.
The Effects of Sleep and Caffeine on Performance and Mood The study was done to see if performance and mood could be affected in healthy young adults by their daily caffeine intake and sleeping habits. The researchers compared participants who took placebo pills with those who took caffeine pills to see if they could find differences in their EEG. The researchers’ main goal was to examine the net effects of caffeine when participants were well rested and when they were sleep restricted (Michael A. Keane and Jack E. James, 2008). Researcher James (1991) says that caffeine is “the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world probably is probably due in part to beliefs about its ability to improve performance and mood” (as cited by Michael A. et al. 2008).
The Symptoms and Factors of Anxiety in Graduate Students in a Professional Counseling Program Abstract Anxiety is a condition that impacts college students, including graduate students in CACREP accredited professional counseling programs. Although research has reflected the existence of anxiety in a college setting, formal research is light as to the symptoms and possible contributing factors of anxiety in graduate professional counseling programs. The authors of this project sent out a survey to 130 students within the Professional Counseling graduate program at a mid-size Midwestern university, utilizing the Beck’s and Burn’s Anxiety Inventories as a foundation for its questions. The intent of the survey was to capture both the frequency of reported symptoms and intensity of contributing factors of anxiety students were experiencing. Means and standard deviations are reported for symptom frequencies and contributing factors.
(http://lib.stat.cmu.edu/datasets/sleep). The purpose of this project is to determine whether there is a correlation between the predictor variable and the total hours a mammal sleeps per day, and to find a model that best fits the data. Variable Variable Name Y Total Sleep (hours/day) X1 Body Weight (kilograms) X2 Brain Weight (grams) X3 Slow Wave (‘Non-Dreaming”) Sleep (hours/day) X4 Paradoxical (“Dreaming”) Sleep (hours/day) X5 Maximum Life Span (years) X6 Gestation Time (days) X7 Predation Index (1-5) 1=least likely to be preyed upon 5=most likely to be preyed upon X8 Sleep Exposure Index (1-5) 1=least exposed while sleeping 5=most exposed while sleeping X9 Overall Danger Index (1-5) 1=least danger from other animals 5=most danger from other animals Due to missing values, 20 observations were removed from the data set. Also, two strong outliers, the Asian elephant and man, were removed from the data. The remaining 40 observations were used to create the full model of the data.
Sleep and psychology are very closely related in that psychology studies mental processes and behavior, while sleep effects the wellness and health of those mental processes and behavior. These studies will present the facts needed to properly understand the negative effect poor amounts of sleep can cause on cognition, as well as the relationship between cognitive training and sleep quality. Sleep-Deprivation “The National Sleep Foundation (2005) reported that even among the general population, 75% of adults regularly experience at least one symptom of sleep disturbance a few nights a week” (Peachey, Zelman, 2012, p.18). Because sleep disturbance can lead to such a wide array of medical
ALCOHOL USE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS According to a 2009 study in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, each year, more than 1,825 college students die from alcohol-related accidents and nearly 600,000 are injured while drunk. Another 696,000 are assaulted by another student who has been drinking and 97,000 are victims of alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape. (Dejong, W., Larimer, M.E., Wood, M.D., and Hartman, R.) In college, beer is typically cheap and easily attainable even for underage students. All too often, drinking gets out of control. This is a problem not only for students but also for the University and the Community as well.
According to Noland, Price, Dake, and Telljohann’s (2009) study on adolescent sleep behavior, teenagers need more sleep as the “majority of the participants indicated that not getting enough sleep had the following effects on them: being more tired during the day (93.7%), having difficulty paying attention (83.6%), lower grades (60.8%), increase in stress (59.0%), and having difficulty getting along with others (57.7%)” (p. 227). These stats prove that there are students who are experiencing the negative impacts from lack of sleep. Since the majority of the students in the study, 93.7%, state that they are tired during the day, and another 83.6% declare that they have concentration issues as a result, it is probable that this may apply to other students as well as the ones in the study. It is safe to conclude that these negative effects are reversible with healthier sleeping patterns. As part of the same (Noland and others, 2009) study, the conclusion of a later school day as a solution for teenagers was reached as “previous studies have determined that people who go to bed and rise at the same time each day, including the weekend, have a higher quality of sleep and are less likely to report sleep deprivation” (p. 229).
Daydreaming happens more often than some. If daydreams are recognized and interpretation of a dreams happen just the slightest bit, it is possible to take advantage of the dream world and control it. Imagine feeling a constant drag every single day believe it or not people do feel like that every day because of a sleep disorder called insomnia. In an online article Andrew Weil, M.D explained “Insomnia is a relatively common sleep disorder, affecting about one third of the adult population worldwide.” (2011) In addition to not being able to sleep at night, insomnia will also cause drowsy effects and frequent falling asleep during the day. This will have a drastic affect if working is the activity or something that requires full attention.
It is suggested that Teens get a healthy 8.5 - 9 hours of sleep a night as compared with eight hours needed for adults.. However Only 15 percent of teens get this required amount of shut eye. Teens also tend to have irregular sleep patterns across the week, they typically stay up late and sleep in late on the weekends, which can affect their biological clocks and hurt the quality of their sleep. A recent survey taken of 3,000 students at Providence high school showed that 85 percent of the students were not alert at the start of class because they weren’t getting enough sleep ("Are Teens Getting Enough Sleep?"). Sleep is essential for learning and memory.